What is Baby Supplements? Baby supplements are meant to mean that a child is fed with mother’s milk as well as the extra food provided to meet the nutritional needs of her physical growth and increase after 6 months of her baby’s birth. Advanced supplements will be full of energy, protein, vitamins, minerals, and food fiber. Supplements are definitely clean and safe, soft and easily acceptable for children, extra spices, or salt will be left out.
Supplementary Meals Why and How?
When the child is six months old, his nutritional needs increase due to his physical growth and the full development of the brain. At this time only mother’s milk is not able to fulfill the energy crisis. So, at this time, he had to give extra nutritious and potent food. Otherwise, the child may be affected by malnutrition. The amount of iron and junk stored in the body during the birth of the baby also ends in six months. Therefore, iron and zinc must be provided through diet. This time the children are reluctant to eat food if they are not accustomed to normal food. It is very important to feed these supplementary foods in the right way to fill the nutritional and energy needs after six months or to eat new food.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) supplementary diet guidelines, how many times a child should be fed to a child depends on the energy of the food and the quantity of food every child has.
The supplementary feeding guidelines for a healthy baby are as follows-
- Every 2 to 3 months a day for 6-8 months old child.
- 3 to 4 times a day for 9-11 months old and 12-23 months old child.
As well as daily nutritional supplements can be given 1-2 times per day as per the needs of the child.
Here are some notable things:
It may take at least two weeks to get used to the new food, so be patient. Under no circumstances will it be forced to feed. This can be reversed by doing so. If there is any food allergy, then it is to be excluded. The items used to serve food should be thoroughly washed and cleaned. After preparing the food, it can not be kept in normal temperature for more than two hours, it will be kept in the fridge in two hours. Before feeding, wash your hands well.
Within six to nine months, the baby’s tongue is made up of ‘test-bats’ (a special type of muscle by which children can understand the taste of food without milk). So it is delicious to eat even a little, it must be taken care of. But it is not right to expect that the child will eat the whole meal only if the food is fun. The child should not be forced to feed. The needs and preferences of each child are different. If there is no food after two days, there is no reason to think that the child will never eat that food. After one week you can try to feed that meal again.
The child will usually have to sit with his parents and feed him, so he will be encouraged to eat. The child can not be compelled for any food. If the child is hungry, you will eat. Small children cannot eat more than once. So they have to feed them a little over and over again. But keep in mind that there is no excessive water in the food. The child will take good care of different types of food and do not need boring.
There are usually deficiencies in home-made foods
Generally, in Bangladesh, supplementary foods such as milk, jaw, suji, sugar syrup, sago, barley, which are very low quality in terms of nutrition and calories. According to statistics, these common supplements made in the home are not enough to meet the nutritional needs of children in Bangladesh.
According to the survey of varied food index conducted by RAAT, it is found that there are not enough nutrients that are available in the diet of a large number of growing children, who are 6-23 months old, between 165,111 children. This study has shown that one in five children per year does not meet the desired needs of daily food.
In addition to poor dietary supplements as well as lack of adequate information and knowledge about the combination of various food categories in the form of inadequate diet and food preparation, it is considered as one of the main reasons for the inadequate nutrition of the child. Since the children’s stomach is small and they cannot eat much more than enough, they need energy and nutritious food. It is possible to increase nutrient density by adding various vegetables, fruits, and animal foods to the baby’s supplementary diet. Especially in the food additives that increase the absorption of existing micronutrients in the food, it is important to select those substances during the formation of complementary foods.
Food class combination
In order to prepare a sufficient and improved supplementary meal, it is necessary to ensure the food intake from at least 4 or more food groups in the 7 food categories internationally recommended.
These 7 food groups and their main nutrients are given below-
- 1. Grains and grains, grains and pulses (potent).
- 2. Pulses, seeds, and nuts (protein and energy).
- 3. Diet and milk foods, such as yogurt, cheese etc. (essential minerals for the formation of meat and bone).
- 4. Meal-like foods such as fish, cow / Khasi, chicken liver etc. (meat).
- 5. Eggs (proteins, vitamins A, iron, zinc, and others).
- 6. Vitamin A Fruits and Vegetables.
- 7. Other fruits and vegetables (Vitamin C and other micronutrients).
To meet the overall nutritional demand of a baby such as fat, protein, energy and other major nutrients, ideal diet plans and preparations should be taken to ensure that baby food is taken from various food groups. If the supplementary food is made using at least 4 food items in the 7 food categories mentioned above, it will be more nutritious and diverse. One of the main reasons for this is that the proper mixture of different foods helps in the absorption of existing nutrients in the food. (Such as adding oil or fat to food, it increases the absorption of soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and Vitamin K in the fat present in the food).
List of children’s ages of different ages
6 month – 9 month old baby food: At this age, the child is mature and can eat fruit and other cereals. So boiled potatoes, seasonal vegetables can be cooked and fed to the child. For example, cauliflower, carrot, beans, barbati, beans, patal, papaya etc. The baby’s food will be cooked with a little oil and the child will have to feed.
9 – 12 month old child’s food: At this age, feeding of children like adults are fed. So the baby needs to thicken the food and raise the quantity. Very tasty and nutritious for soft kidney beans, perfected eggs, perfected vegetables and potatoes, pulse-rice, milk, bread, yogurt, latex etc.. At this time the child needs to be fed 4-5 times.
Things to keep in mind
It is important to note that when giving new foods to the baby, there is no amount of rays, vomiting or laxative anywhere in the body. The amount of tears in the baby has suddenly increased or the stomach is swollen, the change in urine and the change of food will stop it. If you think of a condition, then you must quickly visit the doctor.
Some recipes for 623-month-old baby foods are given below-
- Chima Polao.
- Nutrition grows.
- Chicken meat .
- Egg Whiskers.
- Egg whistle.
- Vegetable tasty.