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Congenital Heart Disease – Type and Treatment

Congenital Heart Disease - Type and Treatment

Depending on the condition of cardiovascular disease based on the treatment of childbirth heart disease. When the surgery is done, depending on some things. One of which is its size. It depends on how big the hole is and if any other problem arises in the body due to this hole, then it is decided to look at it. The major problems are, one is weightless, two are heart failure. If the heart failure increases, if growth decreases, or if it is pulmonary, due to blood flowing due to the pulmonary artery in the lungs, its pressure increases. That’s the most important thing. Depending on these things, it is necessary to take the surgery to see if it does not. If the hole is small, then doctors recommend waiting. Because small holes are likely to stop manually. For example, waiting for three to four years for VSD. It is possible to close it for three to four years. However, if it is large, then there can be no waiting or other symptoms if they grow, then they must be stopped by surgery or intervention.

Type of congenital heart disease and treatment:

There are many types of congenital heart disease, but the most common types are:

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
The highest number of birth defects is 36 percent. Ventricular septal deficiency refers to the presence of one or more holes in the separator screen in the left and right ventricle. If the ventricular septal disorder, oxygenated pureblood in the body of the child unintentionally mixes with carbon dioxide-rich contaminated blood, which causes many problems.

Ventricular septal deficiency does not show any symptoms if it is too small and it gets better automatically as it grows. But if the size of the hole is larger then the baby’s heart failure may be. The main signs of this disease are rapid breathing, shortness of breath, unusual abnormalities of the heart, weight gain in the age ratio, recurrent or weakness of the age, diminished, gray color, etc.

It is possible to treat the disease without any major cut-outs through cardiac catheterization, but in many cases, it is possible to treat the disease through major surgeries.

Atrial septal defect (ASD)
If there are holes between the two cells of the upper part of the hip leaf, then it is called an atrial septal defect. If you have small size holes, the ASDO is automatically fixed as VSD. If the problem is not good with age, then this disease is treated with cardiac cataract or surgery.

Atrio Ventricular Septal Disease (AVSD)
This problem is a bit complex. Four percent of the total birth rate of cardiovascular disease are affected by this problem. Here the hole between the two chambers of the hatpin holes and simultaneously the blood flow control bulbs do not work properly. If the ventricular septal deflation of a trio Ventricular sends, the hatpin provides extra blood to the lungs, which increases in the form of the hugs and increases the blood pressure in the lungs. This disease is treated with complex surgery.

Pulmonary stenosis
The pulmonary bulb in our body is located between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery and has three leaflets or leaves that control the one-way flow of blood in the lungs. For pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary bulb-related leaflets or pulmonary arteries cannot accurately ensure blood flow, so that from the right ventricles the blood flow to the lungs is disturbed. In many cases, no symptoms of this disease are released until the child is older. Considering the condition of the patient, treatment of this disease is done through the cardiac catharsis of major cut or major surgeries.

Quarkertana of Aorta
When a part of the aorta is slim than normal, it is called a quarantine of aorta. The main symptoms of this disease are tremendous sweat, the coldness of all the time, not getting weight gain, slipping on two feet to body ratio, not getting the pulse or weak pulse, breathing difficulties etc. Without balloon diarrhea, it is possible to treat quarantine of aorta without any major surgery. However, in many cases, large-scale surgical procedures are needed.

Bicuspid Aortic Bulb Disease
The location of the aortic bulb is in our hips and the aorta (the main blood vessel) that keeps the oxygenated blood supply in the body. Usually, there are three leaflets in the bowl, with blood flow stopped by opening and opening. If there is two leaflets instead of three in one baby, then it is called bicuspid aortic bulb disease. Treatment of this disease is done by Bulboplasty through surgery to replace bulb or catheters. The main symptoms of this disease are respiratory, extremely easily drained, severe sweating, etc.

Tough (Tetrology of Falat)
It is a complex congenital heart disease. The disease is a combination of four internal errors in the heart. After two weeks of birth, the child suffers from breathing and during the meal or crying the child becomes blue. Gradually these symptoms continue to increase and the physical growth of the child is severely interrupted. Occasionally, he becomes blue, but if the moment is sitting in the vagina of the discharge, the patient is relaxed. This disease can be diagnosed by echocardiogram, but cardiac catheter is also important. The operation is the only treatment for this disease. Most children can lose their life in childhood if they do not perform surgery.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
The PDA is an unusual connection to the lungs of the lungs (Aurora). Those children who are born before they are usually mature, are more likely to have this disease. Experienced doctors can diagnose the disease by examining the patient. This disease can be easily diagnosed by echocardiogram. If it is smaller, then the catheter has to be diagnosed with device closure, if it is large.

Hypertropic Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
After birth, many times the heart muscle of the baby may increase abnormally. This condition is called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM). If the mother has congenital diabetes, H and CM may be present in the baby. Influenza Insulin: This type of abnormal condition in the cardiovascular system is found in Altrasnogram or Eco-Machine. Do not get upset This kind of abnormal condition is normal for the child’s age.

Transient Trooponia of Newborn (TTN)
There may also be a hole in the nail of the binds or atrium holes. Especially if there is a small hole in the middle of the nipple muscles, it can be stopped during the period. Although it can take 7-8 years to reduce the holes of less than 5 millimeters, the child’s heart specialists can take longer time waiting for a hiatus to stop. So there is nothing to be disappointed about, especially for this type of Muscular VSD, sometimes a baby may have a complex color despite the fact that there is no congenital heart disease. Her heart rate can increase to abnormal levels. In most cases, the age of newborns is a condition similar to those of cardiovascular conditions. The disease is said to be caused by the transient tachypnea of neuron (TTN) children’s lung water substance with the birth, but this type of hazard occurs due to the presence of TTN’s some lung substances. If the child is born through cesarean surgery, rapid childbirth, in many cases, this type of symptoms can occur in a newborn baby. But hopefully, in 48 to 72 hours the child becomes better, no medicines are needed.


The open heart surgery or chest should not be cut if there is a congenital heart disease of the children. Due to the unprecedented advancement of science, PDA, ASD (atrial central deflation), large VSD (ventricular central deflation), narrowing of the narrowed heart of the heart (pulmonary balloon well Bulloplastic, PtMC, aortic well Phalloplasty) with the help of device system and coil and balloon. It is possible to treat 100 percent of such diseases. In this case, it is not necessary to cut a book. The child became healthy on the day after getting treatment in a fancy manner.

When children are born with different types of congenital heart disease, TAF Tertiary of Fallot, TGA, Large and abnormal size ASD, VSD, PDA, TAPDC, AD kennel defect, tranquil artery, etc., there is no other way except surgery. However, when to make the surgery, where to make it – this also becomes a matter of issue.

Read more: Baby Heart Disease Reason, observation, and action

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