Childbirth heart disease is one such disease that begins in mother’s womb. In our country due to untouchability, its rate is not very low. The study found that eight children of every 1,000 live children were born with birth-prone heart disease. Again, in the first 6 months of the birth, symptoms of the disease of 2-3 of these 1000 people are expressed with various symptoms. It may be revealed at any time of life after all others. Every year 25 to 30 thousand children are born with birth-prone heart disease in the World.
What is birth congenital heart disease?
There are four chambers or chambers in a heart. The blood circulates in the cells of the body through the different arteries and shards through the chamber from one chamber to the other, But there is no connection between the Chamber as well. As well as during pregnancy, there is a hole in the chamber, through which the blood flows, and during this time of birth or during the first three months of birth, this hole is stopped.
In some cases, this hiatus does not stop because of various types of heart problems. As the heart grows, valves are damaged, heart failure, blood pressure increases. If you do not understand the problem from the outside, then it is possible to understand some signs.
In the case of congenital heart disease, there may be structural errors of the heart in the womb of the baby. Due to this error, the proper functioning of the heart is interrupted. Due to such error, blood flow is not normal, becomes slow, flows in the wrong direction or in the wrong place, or is completely closed. These symptoms are called congenital heart defects.
Why is birth heart disease?
In fact, it is not known in most cases why a congenital heart disease is present. Yet there are many things for which this could be. As if the mother has an infection during pregnancy, especially in the first three months there is a virus named Rubella, if it is infected, then the risk of birth defects increases.
Apart from this, if the mother has any disease, such as diabetes – if it is not controlled, then the risk of birth defective heart disease increases. There are also some congenital diseases, hereditary diseases, such as Down Syndrome, Marfan Syndrome or Turner Syndrome – are associated with these errors in cardiovascular disease.
The fact is not directly related to nutrients. However, if the mother suffers from malnutrition, she may not eat properly. But the matter is not yet confirmed. Again, if the mother is overweight then there is a risk of its problem.
If the mother consumes any medicines, especially in the first three months, that is, if there are teratogenic medicines, that is, any medicine that can damage the child – they can be born with childbirth heart disease if they play. Though smoking or drinking, habits increase their risk.
It is sometimes seen that, if a mother gives birth to a baby in the first place, she will have only four to five percent of the risk of such an error. If the child has a problem for the second time, then the fear of the third time would be 22 to 25 percent.
There are some congenital heart diseases that may occur if a mother is a child. If the mother has ‘Marfan syndrome’, 50 percent of the chance of having a child, ‘Aortic stenosis’ (10 percent of the probability of heart failure), and ‘tetralogy of Fallot’ If there are 3 percent.
Signs of birth congenital heart disease
Due to frequent coldness and respiration after birth, difficulty in eating breast milk and scurrying, hands and toes and lips and blue lightness, lack of weight and physical growth etc.
Remarkable issues for the mother to the baby:
- Whether or not the child is breathing soon after birth.
- Whether it is very dark or bluish on his lips or skin.
- If the heartbeat of the child is abnormally less or more or it is abnormal, then it is unusual.
- After the birth of the baby, if the mother is succumbing to drinking milk.
- If you are tired of drinking a little milk and you are drinking milk after some time.
- When drinking milk, the child is abnormally sweated or suffocated.
- The baby is not growing like all other kids.
- Since the birth of the baby, there is often a cold cough, and that is why it has to be repeated in a hospital or going to a doctor.
- The baby becomes abnormally dark when crying and breathing difficulties simultaneously. Little boys play black while running while playing, breathing difficulties, and lying down on their feet or when big babies get kneeling, their relief comes. Older children may sometimes have chest pain, palpitations, and sensation.
If any of the above symptoms occur, the child will have to be taken to the doctor immediately.
How can a child’s birth cardiac diagnosis be determined?
In some cases, childbirth heart disease can be diagnosed in pregnancy or after birth. And in some cases, until the child gets older it cannot be understood. You will need to know as much as possible about this so that if your baby is born then necessary measures should be taken as soon as possible.In 80 percent of the cases, it is possible to diagnose the birth heart of the pregnant baby between 18 to 22 weeks of pregnancy. If caught, the children’s heart disease specialists will explain to you what to do after the baby is born.
Diagnosis of Birth Disease in Pregnancy:
Throughout the fetal echo test, the child’s heart may be tested during pregnancy. Through this test, his heart image can be made in the child’s condition. This test can be done in 18-22 weeks during pregnancy. During pregnancy checkup, the doctor advises you to do this test, such as the abnormal heartbeat, mother’s diabetes, medical conditions like lupus, or if there is a history of the problems of a family’s birth-prone heart.
Diagnosis after birth:
Different types of methods may be used to determine birth defective heart disease. If you see symptoms of cardiovascular disease, the doctor can check the patient’s heart and lactation through a stethoscope. The doctor can do an echocardiogram. This is the heart’s ultrasound. Through this, the doctor can check heartbeat, valve and other parts of the heart.
An electrocardiogram can be done through which there is no abnormal heart rate or any chamber of a heart is examined. Chest X-rays, halt monitoring, Cath study, cardiac city citizens, MRI etc. can also be done.
Echocardiography examinations are now conducted at almost all hospitals, cardiology centers, and diagnostic centers. In the absence of adequate knowledge in our country, complex congenital heart disease is not diagnosed at an early age. Gradually it becomes more complicated than complex.
There are many congenital heart diseases, in which case the signs of the disease in the first two months of the child are not easily discernible. This type of cardiovascular disease can be identified only on Eco-Color Doppler Machine. In some cases, a cardiac cath may be needed.
For this reason, important children are referred to at the appropriate time.
Prevention of childhood heart disease
Most congenital heart disease cannot be prevented. However, there are few rules to reduce its risk.
Women should take MMR injection at the time of pregnancy planning. It can protect against rubella virus or German missiles disease. It is important to remember, children of rubella-affected mothers are often born with congenital heart disease.
Many mothers in pregnancy were affected by high blood pressure or diabetes. It is important to get proper treatment. In the same way, mothers who are suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes will have to take the advice of both the doctor and their control on the condition of pregnancy. It is important to consult doctors who are suffering from chronic diseases.
The first three months of pregnancy are very risky. At this time should be away from X-rays or any kind of radioactivity. Excessive X-rays can be done for urgent need, but before that, the proper operation of X-rays cannot be read in the body of an unborn child. There is a way to wear a lead apron.
Pregnant mothers should be completely excluded from smoking and drinking. Even in the house that is smoked, he should not live in the house. Many medicines cannot be used during pregnancy.
Many medicines make physical errors of an unknown child. Therefore, no medicines can be taken without the advice of the doctor. Also, due to poor service and lack of folic acid, the pregnancy needs to be filled.
If a mother has a congenital heart disease, what precautions should be taken during pregnancy?
Due to the advancement of medical science, almost 85% of congenital heart disease survives until adulthood. Because of that, the number of mothers who are presently having congenital heart disease is far more than ever.
Many of them may not have any problem in the normal condition, but when they become pregnant then there are many problems due to increased pressure on the heart. So if you have such problems, before pregnancy, if you do not do it, then contact the heart disease specialist immediately after pregnancy. In that case, you will be sent to a hospital where there are both cardiovascular and maternity services.
Your birth congenital heart disease can affect your baby. Due to weakness, the primary function of the heart, it can not be properly pumped by the blood supply to various parts of the body.
As a result, the fetus does not reach the body even if it is not necessary, due to the lack of sufficient oxygen and nutrients, the child may lose weight, the child may become weak, and even before birth can be delivered. In this situation, after 26 weeks, your pregnant baby’s birth will be measured regularly, as if it is less than it is to be seen.
According to the type of cardiovascular disease, the doctor will arrange your pre-natal care. In this case, there is no restriction on the use of certain medicines such as A, C, E. inhibitors. Follow all the doctor’s advice in letter letters. Light exercises, such as cutting a sidewalk, will keep you well. Please consult your doctor before starting any additional exercise.
Many times the pain is started with medicine. But in your case, it can not be done. The drug that is given to give birth to prostate pain (prostaglandin) is called prostaglandin. Sometimes this medicine can make the uterus more aggravated (overstimulate), then it is necessary to give another medication. But if you have a congenital heart disease then that medicine can not be used. In those cases, those who have congenital heart disease are waiting for the natural pain in their birth.
If there is a congenital heart disease that does not have to be done in the cesarean section. However, in this case, doctors advise for free delivery. It may be used to give epidural (nervous anesthetic injections) or facilitate delivery through the devices (forceps) so that the mother does not have to put extra pressure, excessive pressure can cause her weak heart to be in danger.
Best wishes for all.