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Sick child care: Care for sick baby

Sick child care: Care for sick baby

Children may be sick in the winter even after trying to protect your baby from the winter virus. It is very normal. In these cases, proper treatment is necessary first. The child should never give medicine without the doctor’s advice. Besides following the advice of the doctor, follow the following tips to keep the sick child better.

1. The biggest side effect of winter sickness is D-Hidression. So keep the child hydrated. Boiling water, fruit juice, and milk are very important.
2. Keep the sick child away from others unnecessary contact. Because these viruses are very quickly infected.
3. Put the baby in warm clothes. But be careful not to wear too hot clothes.
4. Make sure the child gets the necessary rest.
5. If the nose is closed the inhaler or saline drop can be used.
6. Regularly clear the nose of the baby during the cold.
7. Give the child time. It could be the best way to keep the sick child well. Be patient with the child, calmly talk. Concentrate only on the side of all hands.
8. Keep the child’s room clean. Occasionally open the windows of the house so that air can move.
9. Occasionally both the child with hot water. Hot water not only gives comfort to the child but hurts and removes them. Hot water vapor is cold and it’s good. After bathing, wipe the baby well.
10. Keep your child’s head slightly raised while sleeping so that breathing is not a problem.

It is very normal for children to get sick in winter. It also strengthens their immune system. So do not get upset and take proper care and caution.

All the children should be healthy, good luck for everyone.

Children may be sick in the winter even after trying to protect your baby from the winter virus. It is very normal. In these cases, proper treatment is necessary first. The child should never give

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Baby Flu

Baby Flu – Do you think the common cold is coughing?

What is flu or influenza? Flu or influenza is a type of viral infection. Through this infection, our respiratory (nose, throat, and lungs) are infected. Various areas of viral fiber or viral fever are due to climate change. Many people are being attacked again in the flu. Flu is usually more than children. And children may get flu pneumonia or respiratory infection.

There are many types of influenza viruses. The incidence of one type of virus is visible for one year. Children under 5 years of age, especially those who are under the age of 2 years of flu, can face serious complications. Many children under 5 years of age are admitted to the hospital with flu complications (eg pneumonia).

Symptoms of common flu of the child

For children, it is difficult to understand some symptoms of common flu – headache and muscle pain. There may be some more symptoms except these. Once these symptoms are seen, the child should be taken to the doctor so that he can thoroughly examine them. Antiviral medicines may be needed in children’s case. These are a for children of two weeks of age and are safe and they work well if given within the first two days of illness.

If there is flu, some or all of the following symptoms of the child may occur

  • Baby fever can come.
  • The body may shiver.
  • There may be a dry cough.
  • Throat pain may occur.
  • Water can drain from the nose and the nose may be closed.
  • Pain in the muscles or body will be felt.
  • It can be a headache.
  • The child may feel tired.
  • Vomiting or diarrhoea may occur.

The common cold causes throat, the nose gets closed and coughing. There is a fever in the children. In the case of the flu, the throat is saturated and there may be fever, simultaneous headache, muscular pain, cough, nose and throat. However, these two problems are caused by the virus and usually last for three to seven days. In the case of the flu, children are more ill, more painful and more likely to feel bad.

Children under 12 months of age must be careful about fever and cough. The child should be taken to the doctor when the symptoms are seen below:

  • If the child is less than 3 months old and the burn is 100.4 degrees or higher.
  • If the fever repeatedly goes up 104 degrees.
  • If there are more than 24 hours of fever.
  • If you have a cough and do not lose within a week.

Symptoms of Fatal Flu

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), physically-relatively healthy children may also suffer from flu. If the following symptoms are seen in the child, then you have to take it quickly

  • Frequent breathing and breathing.
  • If the skin is blue or grey.
  • If there is no urine in the normal amount of child or any other symptoms of water disorders.
  • If there is excess and continuous vomiting.
  • If the child does not want to wake up or respond to something.
  • If the child is so annoyed that he can not catch anyone.
  • After the symptoms of flu, like symptoms of flu, it is better to have a fever and cough again.

If the child has any other condition such as heart or lung problems or asthma, and symptoms of flu with which there are fever and cough.

How can a baby’s flu

When the person with flu is talking while talking or sneezing and cough, the flu virus causes the wind to grow in the air. This virus can directly enter the body of another person. Or if the virus is on any object, it can reach the nose, eyes or face by touching that object.

It is very intense and it can spread from five to ten days starting from the days of its symptoms. The virus spreads even more rapidly among those who have weak immunity.

The symptoms of flu can be different from each other. If its symptoms are mild, then you may not be able to understand that you are suffering from flu or you can forget it as a common cold cough. It can easily spread viruses among others.

Medical treatment of flu

The doctor can give antiviral medicines when the child’s flu appears. Antiviral medicines help prevent viral infections. It helps to reduce the flu of the baby and make him feel better. It also helps prevent deadly complications like pneumonia. Antiviral usually works best if applied to the symptoms of flu in two days.

One thing to remember is that the antibiotic does not work in the flu case. Because antibiotics prevent bacteria, not viruses. Although some cases may require antibiotics, if the flu causes bacterial infections like pneumonia, ear infections or bronchitis,

If the child is at risk of flu, you may start antiviral medication with the doctor’s symptoms. All children below 5 years are at risk of flu, especially those younger than 2 years of age. Pre-maturing children or those with asthma and vaccine-cell disease conditions are at risk of flu.

If the child is flu, then the doctor should keep the medicine and not in any direction, he should be given more rest and drink sufficient fluids. He may not want to eat more, so give him a little food. If the child starts eating solid then he can give him a soup.

If the child seems iller, then he may be given acetaminophen or ibuprofen with the advice of a doctor. But in no way should the aspirin be given without consulting the doctor. This can cause serious complications like Reye Syndrome. Do not give cold medicines to baby chicks or coughs. It does not help to cold or a cough, but it can cause further damage.

Babies can feel good within 3-5 days but not all children will be the same. Someone may have a cough for two weeks or more.

What can be done to prevent flu?

Flu vaccine
According to the Center for Disease Control, one should take flu vaccine once every healthy baby is 6 months old at the age of 6 months. If the child is younger, then the people around him should take the vaccine to reduce the risk of infection in the child.

Vaccinations are more important if the child is at risk. If the child has diabetes, the immune system is weak, there is anaemia or it is important to take the flu vaccine for your child’s heart, lung or kidney problem.

However, a flu vaccine is not able to prevent the flu in 100% cases. It depends on the overall health of the child (vaccines are more effective for a healthy vigorous child). Also on the year that the vaccine is taking place, its effectiveness depends on the type of virus that is causing the virus.

Ensure clear access to everyone in the house. The hands of the child should be washed with soap and hot water and the family members should wash their hands regularly. If you do not have water, you can use hand sanitizer.

Tissue should be used during sneezing or a cough and should be dropped in the dustbin immediately after use. Try not to touch your eyes, face, and nails again and again. Children’s toys should be cleaned regularly with bactericidal. Viruses or bacteria can survive for two to eight hours. So try to delete everything that is always hand-held after a while.

The bacteria usually go from one to the other. If your child visits other sick children or older people, then he may also get sick. And keep the child away from sick people to deal with this problem.

Many people can not understand the need for adequate rest. But taking adequate rest helps increase our immune system.

If the child has the single flu, then that year, it is unlikely that the flu will be again. Because of his immune system, he will be able to prevent the virus. The next time the vaccine may not work, the next time the outbreak of different viruses will occur. For this reason flu vaccine is recommended every year.

What is flu or influenza? Flu or influenza is a type of viral infection. Through this infection, our respiratory (nose, throat, and lungs) are infected. Various areas of viral fiber or viral fever are due

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Baby vomiting

Baby vomiting – When is not normal

Parents often worry about the baby’s vomiting. But in most cases, it is not very serious. Since the kids can not express the feelings of the mind, so do not cry for anything. Hot or cold, mosquito bites, whatever the outburst of its annoyance is the tears. But the mother thinks all the crying that the child is hungry, forced to put the breast inside the face, whose result is vomiting.

Who said their children vomited after eating them. They should know that what they are vomiting is not always vomiting. If the mother’s milk is not adequate, then there is plenty of air in the mouth of the child while milking. This air comes out with some milk while going out of the stomach. This milk is called ‘Given’, you might think it’s nauseous.

Why is “Given”?

When the baby is breastfeeding, he reaches his stomach with throat food from the throat. A ring with muscle is attached to the nails and stomach. After milking, the ring opens, so the milk can penetrate into the trash. Then the ring is closed again. If the ring does not stop completely due to any reason, then the milk from the stomach can be raised again. Call it a reflex.

Children are reflux because their stomach is small. Much of them are equal to their hand or a golf, so it gets full quickly. Also, the valves that are associated with their stomach and cerebral tissues generally become perfectly well within 4-5 months. After that, the child’s “lifting” is usually stopped.

When the child goes to breastfeeding and if the milk is low in the chest, then the child eats plenty of air during breastfeeding. Even if the milk is high in the chest and the milk comes very early in the baby, then the child can eat a lot of air.

If the bottles are not cooked in bottles or feeders, then half of the nipple is filled with air and half the milk. As a result, the children also eat plenty of air. At the end of the meal, the air wants to get out of the stomach and out with some milk while leaving. That is, ‘give up’ This ‘gave up’ milk was wrong by many vomiting. Actually, it is not vomiting. These babies often swallow the milk again.

What is the difference between vomiting and lifting?

It is a bit difficult to differentiate between vomiting and lifting since the two look the same and both are usually only after eating. Yet there are some differences between Eduoto.

When the child gives milk, he is very silly and does not go out of milk or food. Generally, it is rolling through the mouth. There is no sign of pain in the child. This is normal for the kids and generally not the reason for fear.

But when the child vomits, it comes out of his stomach food, so that he can hardly cry and cry. The amount of vomiting of the baby is more than “giving up”.If there is a problem of vomiting, there may be other symptoms, such as fever or kidney failure.

The cause of vomiting of the child

If the child vomits, then you should find out the reason that you understand that he is okay and can comfort him. The possible causes of vomiting are:

Eating problem:
The baby may be vomited due to problems in the first few months of feeding. Feeding more like a child. As it is difficult to understand whether the child is hungry at this time, the child may be fed more. Another reason may be that if there is a child’s allergy in the protein of a mother’s milk or formula. If there is no reason why this kind of thing cannot be seen.

Viral or bacterial infections:
If there is no infection in the baby’s respiratory infection, it may be vomited, especially during the period of a cough. It can also cause problems in the stomach if the child is coughing. Again, some babies can be expelled and vomited.

Another common cause of stomach flu is the lack of flu. If the child is affected by stomach or intestinal virus or bacteria, it may be vomiting. There may be other symptoms such as diarrhea, food disorders, stomach aches, and fever. Vomiting usually decreases within 12-24 hours.

Inflammation of the kidneys, pneumonia, meningitis, even ear infections can also lead to vomiting.

Excess tears:
Often, newborns vomited excessive crying for some reason. Although it seems very painful to see, there is no harm to the child due to the vomiting during the crying. There is no reason to fear it.

Motion Sickness:
If children have a motion sickness they can vomit in the car or in the parking lot.

Food Poisoning:
If you eat some of the baby’s toxic, such as medicine, leaves or chemicals, then the baby may vomit. Or drinking poisonous food or water can be vomited.

Pyloric stenosis:
If the intestinal tract partially or completely closed due to any birth defect in the abdominal abdomen, the child vomits immediately after eating at two or three weeks of age. After vomiting, it is quite far away and wants to drink milk immediately after vomiting and after a while, the vomiting again and again and the baby’s weight decreases. This is called a pyloric stenosis. If it seems that the child has such problems, then the doctor should inform as soon as possible.

What can be done if vomiting a child?

In most cases, the child’s vomiting automatically stops. You can do some things for him to feel good-

If vomiting tries to catch the baby straight. If he is awake, then he can lay down on the stomach or put him back. Many doctors advise that after 24 hours of vomiting, no solid food should be given. But if you think it is too long, you can take the doctor’s advice.

After the vomiting, the child does not have enough water to drink. As soon as the baby is vomited, she will be offered food saline or homemade saline. The amount of vomiting, more water and saline will be eaten. Every time he vomits, he will have to give saline. Children will not be able to eat enough saline or do not want to. So he will have to eat a few minutes in a row, without being forced to eat saline.

Due to the vomiting, the amount of water and electrolyte that is released from the baby’s body will fill it with eating saline. After the vomiting, the children became very weak. Eating saline helps to overcome her weaknesses. Besides, due to the vomiting, the child’s body does not suffer from water deficiency, as well as eating almonds with vomits, the water inhibits the vacuum inside the body. Otherwise, water vapor can occur in the baby’s body.

If the baby is vomited frequently (every 5-10 minutes), do not force him to eat saline. If he has low vomiting or half an hour or an hour, his stomach is cool, but he can give a little bit more saline. Keep it until the vomit is okay. If the child vomits saline, tell it to the doctor.

Do not give any kind of fruit juice to the baby. According to the American Academy of OB Pediatrics, juices are not effective in Wateriness. Children against the age of 1-year-old, in case of chewing.
Finally, the baby will be kept in complete rest. The discomfort that may be on the baby may be far away.

If the child is sleepy, why could he strangle him?

Many parents are afraid that if the child sleeps, then the breath may stop if he is vomited. But this is not always the case. If the child does not have any problems related to the airway, then there is nothing to fear.

However, if the child has a birth defect that leads to the possibility of entering his / her food and fluid in the airway, then the doctor may advise the child to brood over the stomach or turn around.

What can be done to prevent vomiting of the baby?

You may not be able to prevent all the causes of the baby’s vomiting but you can adopt some procedures to prevent the usual vomiting of the baby.

To prevent the vomiting of the baby, first of all, he must stop feeding, overdose, frequent or too late. In addition to the infant, the baby will have to be washed after eating. It is often seen that after feeding the mother, other people in the house are loving the child. Some people start shaking the child while they are more adept, and they vomit children. For this reason, when the baby’s breast milk ends, it should be kept in the lap for a few seconds and the ventral air should be removed and gradually lay on the bed.

If the child has a motion sickness, then take a break after a short period of time so that the child gets a clean air and his stomach becomes calm. If the child is suitable for solid food, then leave the journey to light snacks and keep the baby hydrated.

If the child has a cough, then with the help of Norles and Nasal aspirator, you can clean the nose by taking the mucus in the nose.

When to tell the doctor?

If the child is vomited more than 24 hours. It is normal for some illnesses, yet once they show a doctor. If the child is less than 3 months old and the fever is 100.4 degrees or higher, then the doctor will have to report it quickly.

If there is no symptoms of feverishness, such as dark yellow urine, low urine (6 to 8 hours of urine), dry lips and mouth, weakness, and if there is no water in the eyes of the children over 1 month (water in the first eye of the newborn It may take 1 month or more to come).

If there is blood with the baby’s vomit, then there is blood. Occasionally, there is a general blood circulation in the vomiting that it may be slightly diluted in the vein when it vomits. But if the blood is present in the blood or the amount of blood is high then the doctor will have to tell.

If the vomiting vigorously starts to come in half an hour after eating, then the doctor will have to tell. It may be a symptom of pyloric stenosis. If the skin of the child or the white part of the eye is yellow, it may be symptomatic of jaundice. In this case, the doctor will not be late.

If the child has a lot of pain Although the kids cannot talk about the pain, you can understand them by looking at them. If the stomach is swollen or flexible, then it may be due to a problem with digestion. It is important to take them to the doctor.

If you have a bill (yellowish yellow fluid) or a dark coffee colored blood with a baby’s vomiting, the doctor may want to see the vomiting. In this case, vomiting can be taken in a plastic bag.

If the child is vomiting frequently, he must go to the doctor without delay. The doctor should explain the type of vomiting and cause of the treatment. If the child is vomited due to an accident, then as soon as possible, the child will be given the advice of the doctor.

Look at the baby. Observe its activities. If there is vomiting from the disease, it will have an effect. The child will be seen as sick or sick. If the child seems to be seriously ill, it becomes very weak but should be taken to the doctor without delay.

Parents often worry about the baby's vomiting. But in most cases, it is not very serious. Since the kids can not express the feelings of the mind, so do not cry for anything. Hot or

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Baby Chill Problem Practicable

Baby Chill Problem Practicable

The immune system or immune system may be weak due to which the child may easily get sick. That is why children are more prone to cold or cold. About 200 types of viruses are common cold in a child or we call it cold or could cause. The children’s body gradually develops immunity against these viruses. Think about how often we have been cold or cold in our life. Your child will also have to go through these. As a result, he will also have immunity against these viruses.

When the child continues to grow slowly, he gradually invents various things, while at the same time he hands these things (sometimes he licks it alive). As a result, he may have a cold virus in his hand. Then, when he has his face or mouth with his nose, then the virus gets the chance to nail his body.

The child is infected very much during the winter because cold air and hot weather in the house dry the membranes of his nose so that the virus has the advantage to stay there. Most of the children are kept at home in winter due to which the virus is more infected than one.

Most babies can be prone to average six to ten times per year. Those children who are in school or daycare can take up to 12 times a year. (On average, an adult man is prone to two to four times a year)

How do you know that the child just feels cold – not flu, allergy or any other disease?

It’s a little hard to understand. If the child is cold or if he feels cold, water can drain with his nose, mucus can be clean, which can gradually cover dense, gray, yellow or green color. He may have a light cough and fever.

If there is a fever in the child, take care of it after decreasing the fever. If he is allowed to eat and play normal (or almost normal), he may want to eat a little less at that time), then it can be assumed that he only has a common cold. Even after the child’s fever decreases, he seems to be sick and dead but likely to have more than his usual cold.Although flu or other illness may occur suddenly, there may be a problem with the child’s diarrhea or vomiting. On the other hand, before the child’s fever, if the nose is closed or a cough, then it is more likely to cause colds.

If the eyes from the nose are dry or red, itching and if it is sneezing or skin itching that continues for weeks or months, they are allergic symptoms. In these cases, the mucus that falls from the child’s nose is always clean. As a common cold, it does not slowly become dark or yellow. Due to allergies, there is also a general fever.

How can the child be relieved when cold?

No medicine can release the child from the virus quickly. However, with some care, you can make the child worse and make the child comfortable. At this time the child needs a lot of rest and drinks. Children under 6 months of age have breastmilk or those who eat formula should be given more milk. You can give some water to the baby after 6 months.

Since most babies cannot breathe their noses, you can reduce your nose by following some of the tips below.
Using saline and suction: Give the child’s head a little back, give two or two drops of water or saline water. The focus mucus will be thin in it. After this, with the help of a nasal aspirator, the baby’s nose can be suctioned. Nasal aspirators are now available to buy all the baby shops.

If the child is prone to breastfeeding, then you can do it 15 minutes before feeding. It will be beneficial for a child to breathe while breastfeeding.

Apply the petroleum jelly besides the nose’s nose: This will reduce the burns of the baby’s nose and the child will get relief.

Keep the weather in the house: If you have a humidifier in the home then try to keep the child’s room moist. Then, take the child to the bathroom, shut the doors of the bathroom door, leave the hot water if you do not have it, or if you do not have them, pour hot water in a few buckets so that the water vapor cannot go out of the bathroom. Stay in the steam shower for 15 minutes in the bathroom. Hot water baths also give a lot of comforts. But keep the baby in every moment so that he can not go in contact with hot water.

Things that should be avoided

At the time, to keep the child’s head up, he might have thought of sitting in a seat, a bouncy chair. But it should never be. The baby can be overturned at any time, or her head may suddenly lean towards the front so that her breathing is likely to stop. Do not keep pillows or slip position around the child. This can also be a child’s cleanup.

These are also causes of children’s sudden infant death syndrome or Seeds.

Is it safe to feed the child with cold medicines?

According to most experts, breastfeeding is not safe for the child. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, cold medicines are not effective in children under 6 months of age and may result in a serious side effect. Remember that cold medicines do not decrease the child’s flux or cannot prevent other complications such as ear infections or sinus infections.

If the child has a fever with cold, children may be fed acetaminophen or ibuprofen with the advice of a doctor. But sometimes the Aspirin drug cannot be fed. As a result, the child may be affected by a severe complication of Reye’s syndrome.

Some natural ways to relieve the child in the cold

Many parents do not want to have a bath in a cold cough. It is not right, the child will have to take bath in the yolk warm water every day. In it, the cold cannot sit in the chest.

Put the vessel in the container with a hot water in it. Keep the baby in this way. The hot vapor helps the child to get rid of the cold, coughing in the chest. A nebulizer is used for newborn babies. If you do not have a nebulizer in the house, you can take a shower to the baby in the yolk warm water. Or a cloth can dry the baby’s body by soaking it in hot water. Do this so many times. In a short time, the fever will go down too much.

A recent study says that after feeding two teaspoons of honey every day to children over two years, their coughs decreased considerably at night. But it is good to not give honey to children under one year. To get cough relief, it is best to drink one cup of light hot water or 1 teaspoon honey mixed with a cup of hot tea. Honey closes the throttle and reduces inflammation. There is also a lot of calorie intake in honey, which gives children extra energy. Tulsi tea, ginger tea etc. can be given to children over 2 years of age.

There is no substitute for sickness. Do not let the child wake up while staying ill. Due to excessive running, a disease can be increased. Parents need to be aware of the child’s right to rest.

If the child is under six months of age, breastfeeding him repeatedly. If the age is more than six months, then water, liquids, and soft foods can be fed a little bit in the shortest time. If the age of the child is six months more then you can give the child a soup. Vegetables that can digest, such as potatoes, carrots, onions, ginger, soup can be made. It will fill the baby’s stomach as soon as the baby’s internal infection is removed. Tulsi tea, ginger tea etc. can be given to children over 2 years of age. Do not forget to mix two drops with pure honey. It will act as a natural antimicrobial.

Do not put the baby in excessive clothes during fever. Give the child’s clothes some looser. Low clothes will not increase your baby’s temperature but will help to reduce the temperature. If it takes winter, then add something to a blanket or coating. Many parents have a fever that keeps them away from the fan. But the fan helps in reducing the temperature of the baby’s body. But yes, do not keep the baby under the fan for a long time. Do not close the fan in the baby’s room. Leave the fan at a low speed and keep the child under the fan.

If the wet pimples are worn for a long time, then the problem of chills of the child may increase, so check whether the child has pissed for a while. When going out, you will use high absorbent diapers and comfortable diapers. Even if it is not possible to monitor the child even when you are at home, it is best to use the diapers.

If the child suffers from a cold, do not smoke him in the lap, even without the baby. Cooking smoke also damages its airway. So while cooking, open the kitchen window or continue the exhaust fan. And refrain from cooking the baby in the lap. Those who are suffering from cold problems themselves, they do not want to laugh and adore the baby. If possible, give the child Pneumonia antibody.

When to go to the doctor with the child?

If the child is less than 3 months of age, then the diagnosis of illness should be taken to the doctor. Especially if the fever is above 100.4 degrees or if the child is coughing. If the child is 3-6 months, then the fever goes up to 101 degrees and if it is more than 6 months then you have to take it to the doctor if it is 103 degrees.

If you have any symptoms, you should go to the doctor in any case-

  • If fever is more than two days.
  • When coughs rise, breathing frequently or breathing. These may be symptoms of pneumonia.
  • If the ear is tearing or when the ear grows, it is time to cry or lick if you are crying. These may be symptoms of ear infections.
  • If the eyes are red and wet, then the pink income is Lukkan.
  • If the child is disturbed, if sleep disrupted, or eating or sleeping habits becomes abnormal.
  • Between 5-7 days if childbirth is not progressing, or if its symptoms are more than 14 days.

What can be done to prevent child flux?

You can not prevent all flaws from the child. But you can adopt some ways to keep these viruses away-

  • Stay away from the dust. If you go out, use a mask or nose rosemary.
  • Oven and cigarette smoke, keep children away from mosquito coils.
  • Practice hand washing with regular soap. Not just kids. Parents and relatives will have to wash their hands well before taking the child into the lap. Wash your hands with soap well before changing the diaper of the baby and making a baby’s meal.
  • This disease is denser, so keep the child in a light-air environment.
  • Try to keep the child away from the sick people.
  • Keep the child hydrated.

The immune system or immune system may be weak due to which the child may easily get sick. That is why children are more prone to cold or cold. About 200 types of viruses are

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Sudden Death of Baby

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Seeds is a terrible thing for kids aged 12 months and under. This baby’s baby is known as Seeds while sleeping without any signs of illness or illness. According to a 2014 figure, the rate of Syds in the United States is 34%.

This means that 34 children of whom have died during the one year of child mortality, whose age 0-12 months have died during sleep without any illness. Sudden Influx Death Syndrome (Seeds) in the United States, and due to sudden stress or due to stress due to the neck due to sleep due to sleeping reasons every year about three and a half thousand children are killed.

In every case of the Sides, the exact cause is not known. This is why this syndrome creates a mysterious and alarming condition for adolescents. Without a prejudice, a healthy baby may die in this regard. More such cases can be seen in the case of a 2 4 month old baby.

Many such deaths are called Cot Death or Crib Death because most of the time children are found dead while sleeping or crying. But this is a misconception, because in many cases it is possible that such situations can occur, wherever the children are sleeping.

Why is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?

No specific reasons for this are yet to be known. However, researchers have identified some physical and sleeping issues as the cause. But these things may not be the same for all children.

Physical problems:
Some babies may develop with errors in the brain. Most of these children do not form part of the brain that controls their breathing and wakes up waking up. As a result, it can not work properly. These children have more of the risks of the Syds.

Many babies can grow due to pre-matchmaking or for other reasons due to low weight. Even in these children, even if the part of his brain does not develop perfectly, he can not control his breathing and heart rate.

Some children may have respiratory infections, which may cause respiratory problems.

Sleeping issues:
The bed risk may be increased due to the child’s sleeping condition or pill or pillow used for sleeping and combined with the physical problems of the child.

If the child is lying on the stomach or on the side of the stomach, it is more difficult for the baby to breathe. If the child is sleeping on a soft bed or on the mattress and the baby is laid on the bed, then the baby’s breath may stop.

Although the risk of sedation in the same room with the parents of the parents is reduced, the study found that the risk of drying in the same bed increased. It also increases the risk of sedation, but it also increases the risk of sleep during the child’s sleep.

Some other things are considered as risks to Syed.

For example:

  • Childbirth is riskier than the child’s child.
  • If there is such a previous event in the family then it can be again.
  • Children who are suffering from indirect smoking.
  • Pre-mature or low-weight children are more at risk.

Mothers may increase the risk of childhood syndrome due to pregnancy

  • If the mother is under 20 years of age.
  • If you have a mother’s smoking habit.
  • If there is an addiction to drugs or alcohol.
  • If pregnancy care is not taken properly.

When are Seeds more?

The kids are more infected on the seas when they are asleep or they are asleep or they are asleep. It is usually seen more than night, but it can be any time of day. It may be in a child’s bed or even in the mom’s lap while sleeping.

Seeds are seen more in the winter. This may be due to winter infection. Another reason for this may be that in the winter, the parents keep extra clothes for the kids or sleeping at night while keeping the room heater in place, so that the child may feel hotter.

How to reduce the risk of seeds?

Certainly, it is not possible to deal with Seeds, but following some of the issues can reduce its risk considerably. Following the advice of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the risk of childhood seizures and other sleep-related deaths is reduced.

Baby Swaddle
Experts say that the rate of death of children suddenly decreased greatly due to prostration due to shingles. As in 1992, 120 children of 100,000 children were killed. In 2001, the number dropped to 56 people. The death rate decreased 53 percent in a decade.

If the child is lying on the bed but it may feel hotter, breathing can be interrupted, the breathing that he breathes through breathing again allows the oxygen to below.

The baby should not be swaddled because it can make the baby fall very easily. The pressure on the child’s soft lungs in the shawl or prostrate on one side, which is harmful to the baby.

But there is nothing to be scared if the child is able to sleep back from himself. Because the pressure on the lungs at this time, the children themselves change the position.

Safe bed
baby safety bed
Keep the baby strong, in the same bed. Normally we keep soft toys dolls beside the children of the age of 1-12 months old. The reason for keeping the baby’s tears stopped, and of course, remove the babies while they are sleeping. The bigger toy doll from the child is risky for the baby. Baby should not be a pillow and kept in bed.

Do not use soft matres in bed. Soft cushion or matrices have the risk of dying of a baby’s breath. If you use a blanket or a tooth to teach the child, it is possible to have it on his nose so be careful. In the winter the child can use the slip sock during sleep. This is a sleeveless blanket that can be kept in the baby.

Sometimes a child cannot be kept in a sofa, coach or mattress chair. Can not sleep alone or with anyone. Because these places are dangerous. If you have a fear of falling asleep while feeding your baby, then feed your baby lying on your bed; No sofa or mattress chair. As soon as you wake up from sleep, keep the baby in your bed.

Children should not sleep in a carrier, car seat, bouncy seat or stroller, especially children under 4 months old. Because the baby’s breath may stop when the head is tired of the head while sleeping. It is important to keep the child in mind so that the child’s head is straight and the nose does not feel anything in the mouth.You can use baby cribs for baby safety.

Not in the same room but in the same bed
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, if at least six months of birth and possible, then one should sleep with the parents in the same room for one year. But they are against the Shoane in the same bed. Because of this, the child’s breath may stop due to the accidental death of the baby. The child’s parents may be kept in separate crevices beside their mother’s bed.

Use of sleeping bag
Many people use sleeping bags to keep the child safe while sleeping. This sleeping bag is a comfortable, warm and soft bed that has small spaces for the baby’s head and head. The structure of this bag is usually such that when the child turns back or falls down while sleeping, the bag will be positioned as soon as possible and the child will also sleep again on the back or on the back.

The American Academy of Pediatrics is against the use of these things because there is no evidence of child safety in the use of these things, but the soft material used in them is at risk of childcare.

The child does not feel too hot
For the child not to get too hot, use only one layer of clothes more than the older ones. Keep in mind that the child is feeling more hot, such as whether the child is sweating, whether the hair is wet or if the child is cheated, if he is hot, etc..

Stay away from drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Almost all studies have shown that during the pregnancy, mother’s risk of smoking or alcohol consumption increased greatly. They also cause obstruction to the normal growth of the child. So stay away from them. Keep the baby away from cigarette smoke even after birth.

Give all the vaccinations on time
All vaccinations on time can reduce the risk of sys.

Breastfeed the baby
The more breastfeeding the baby, the risk is reduced. If the chest milk comes less, feed as much as you can. Feeding a little rather than feeding at a time is also very useful.

You can use Chestnut
Studies have shown that among the children who use chewing gum, the rates of seed are very low. If the experts are not sure that there is no direct relationship with Sid without having it In the first year of birth, you can give the baby a smoker while sleeping.

After the baby is asleep, it does not need to be given again if it does not smell after its mouth or if the child does not want to take it, but there is no need to stress it.

However, it is important to keep in mind that breastfeeding babies are used properly after breastfeeding. Otherwise, the child will not learn to eat milk properly. The child cannot be hanged on the neck of his face or attached to his clothes.

Dresses are never so tight
Children should wear light clothes without wearing tights while sleeping. In the winter, many parents wear a coat or blanket in a way that children can not move to the nose, the strained condition is created. So wear children’s clothes or cover them in such a way that they can move freely.


It is a matter of hope that the child mortality rates in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome are very low due to many issues related to child rearing. Due to the practice of breastfeeding children in our country, staying in the same room with the child, the tendency to reduce the smoking of mothers, the incidence of this syndrome is much less than the western countries.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Seeds is a terrible thing for kids aged 12 months and under. This baby's baby is known as Seeds while sleeping without any signs of illness or

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Newborn Baby Jaundice - Some Important Things

Newborn Baby Jaundice – Some Important Things

The blood that is present in our body, it breaks the blood and creates new blood. Bilirubin is released from here. Its color is yellow. When it grows up, jaundice occurs. When this is the newborn, we call it a newborn’s jaundice.

Many babies have jaundice after birth. This jaundice is due to high bilirubin levels in the newborn’s blood. Junkies can be seen in the first week of 60% of the full-term pregnancy (term) and 80 percent of the pre-term, ie premature babies. But most of them are innocent jaundice, which is called physiological jaundice.

Why is the newborn jaundice?

Every person has bilirubin in the blood and it is removed or removed from the body through the liver. When the child is born, the bilirubin leaves the body through the placenta attached to the mother’s body. The mother’s lever does not have to work to break the bilirubin of the pregnant baby.

But after birth, it is the child’s liver. But at this time the liver takes time to be fully operational. During this time, many babies who have been exposed to red blood cells, that bilirubin can be produced, cannot be carried out outside the body due to liver processing. Because of this excess bilirubin, the color of the blood becomes yellow. Generally, this problem may occur from the third day after birth, which is called physiologic jaundice and it decreases in two weeks. However, in the case of premature, it can be more than 5-7 days after birth and may take up to two months to complete.

Junk’s yellowish appearance is usually seen in the face of the baby, then the throat and chest, and it can extend to the legs if it is complex.

However, in some cases, jaundice may occur due to any physical condition of the child. These are:

Pre-matriculation baby: Birth can be jaundice if it is born prematurely. If the level is higher (more than 14 mg / Deciliter), then the phototherapy should be done and if the jaundice level is low (under 14 mg/deciliter) it becomes good in sunlight.

Misty-blood of blood group: The blood group of the mother and the baby is different. In particular, if the mother’s blood is negative in RH and the baby is positive, this jaundice is growing very rapidly. Because the antibodies of the mother’s body break the blood cells of the baby. It can also appear in A, B, and Group. It may happen if the mother and the group and the child are at A or B.

Hemolytic anemia: In this case, the neonatal body has anemia. His liver and spleen grow up and the eyes become yellowish. If you do not take treatment at the right time, newborns may be liver félios or liver cirrhosis. In this case, the child may die.

Because of infection: If the infection of the newborn is spreading, it is called septicemia. This is also jaundice. If there is a disease like infections such as hepatitis or cystic fibrosis, the liver may not function properly as jaundice may occur.

Haipo Thiradism: In this case, jaundice occurs when the baby is breast milk.

G-6-P-D Dysfunction: An enzyme regulates the function of red blood cells. Newborn’s jaundice may also occur due to its insufficiency.

Because of breast milk: Jaundice may occur if the child does not have enough breastmilk at the right time or if there is not enough formula for those children who are given formula. It is also sometimes called breastfeeding jaundice. It can also be due to the lack of proper milk for the baby, and due to the lack of proper milk in the mother’s chest.

Breast milk jaundice: Excessive breastfeeding can only result in jaundice from the fourth day after the birth of a newborn baby completely healthy as a result of breast milk feeding. This is called breast milk jaundice. Every one hundred people may have a newborn baby’s breast milk jaundice. In this type of jaundice, after the fourth day to the seventh day after birth, Bilirubin increased in the blood and then started to decrease. It may go from jaundice to shorter doses for one to two months. But it does not cause any harm to the body.

There may also be several other reasons such as when a child in the same family has jaundice, or when a child is born during delivery (bilirubin levels increase when the injury is due).

Then the phototherapy should be done and if the jaundice level is low (under 14 mg/deciliter) it becomes good in sunlight.

If jaundice breastfeeding can be fed?

In any case, a newborn baby cannot be prevented from breastfeeding. The baby should be breastfed regularly after two to three hours. The primary treatment of physiologic or normal jaundice is to breastfeed the baby properly.

How to understand the child’s jaundice:

The usual jaundice of the newborn can be seen in the body after three to four days, the body becomes yellow. The first look will be yellow, then the hands, the yellow on the legs, the chest and the stomach will be yellow. Lastly, the bottom of the foot and the palm of the hand will be yellow. Also-

  • The white part of the eyes of the jaundiced child may become yellow.
  • Wicker color fascia.
  • Feeling fever can be fever or be feeling feverish.
  • The child does not drink milk properly.
  • Sleep does not wake up or do not want to sleep at all.
  • The stomach swells.
  • Reduce the movement.
  • The body may have a severe fever. The body may become too cold again.
  • There may be seizures in some cases.

Notice whether the palm of the baby’s hand has become yellow for understanding jaundice. Usually, the face of the child’s face, hands, and chest or abdomen and the white part of the eye is yellow. It is well understood in light of normal day or fluorescent light. Put a light on the baby’s forehead, nose or chest finger. See if there is a yellow tint in the baby’s skin after lifting fingers. If the child is Shyamalan or jackal, it can be difficult to understand the yellowing of the skin. In that case, examine the white gums and white parts of the eye.

When the fear is the reason:

If the child’s jaundice levels increase then it is very harmful. It is but permanent damage. Maybe now nothing can be understood, but it can be seen later that the child’s intelligence is low, or the hearing less – this type of incident is happening. The following topics are dangerous in the case of newborn jaundice-

  • Appears in the first 24 hours of the earthquake.
  • Bilirubin levels exceed 15mg / ds.
  • Not exactly after 2 weeks of age.
  • If the level of Bilirubin is rising at 0.5 mg/ ds/hourly then it is dangerous.

Normal jaundice usually clears within seven days. If jaundice occurs within 24 hours of birth and does not last even after 7 or 10 days if the child is stopped or reduced if there are symptoms of fever or infection if you have acute crying and bilirubin levels are rising, then you should consult the specialist doctor quickly. Remember, excessive bilirubin can cause damage to the baby’s brain. There may be a cerebral pulse, ear loss, Karnicitors etc. However, they are seen in very little children.

Determination of newborn jaundice

Shortly after the birth of a newborn baby, a child’s jaundice was tested in a hospital. After 3-5 days of birth, again the jaundice test should be done. Because at this time the level of Bilirubin in the baby is highest. Generally enough to test blood bilirubin. But if any abnormality is suspected it is necessary to examine more. Baby and mummy’s blood group, reticulocyte count, direct cubes test, torch screenings are tested to determine the cause of jaundice.

Jaundice treatment

Most of the jaundiced newborns do not need any treatment. If the child has gentle jaundice, then the doctor may tell you to breastfeed more so that he has high urine and stool. The baby’s body was out of Bilirubin. Junkies are usually done by the formula-fed children in two weeks. However, breastfeeding may take 2-3 weeks to feed. If the child’s jaundice is more than 3 weeks then the doctor will have to tell.
If the child’s jaundice increases, then the following treatment can be given:

Phototherapy or lighting treatment and sunlight treatment

Generally, babies get phototherapy and light treatment when the level of Bilirubin increases. Most babies get better if they get phototherapy from one to two days. Although there are differences in the benefits and efficacy, this process is still being used till now.

In this method, the baby is placed under a special type of light which transforms the body’s body bilirubin into a form so that it can go through the urine of the baby. In a kind of purple light, the child should be kept for some time in light hot weather. The child is usually covered in the eyes. Many times such fiber optic blankets with lights are used which are known as Billy Lights or Billy Blanket. These are safe for the child.

In addition, doctors advised keeping the newborn in the sunlight for half an hour every morning. However, it must be ensured that it is early morning and mild sunny. The sun’s dark sunshine and ultraviolet rays can damage the skin of the baby.

Exchange Transfusion

If there is a lot of bilirubin in the baby after phototherapy, then a special type of blood transfusion may be needed, which is known as Exchange Transfusion. In this case, the blood is given to the baby with the addition of high bilirubin blood, instead of the normal level of Bilirubin. Occasionally intravenous immunoglobulin may also occur.

However, whatever the child’s jaundice is seen (more or less), consult a doctor immediately, know the child’s condition. You can take care of your newborn as well as you can be at ease on one side.

The blood that is present in our body, it breaks the blood and creates new blood. Bilirubin is released from here. Its color is yellow. When it grows up, jaundice occurs. When this is the

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Baby Thalassemia Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Baby Thalassemia Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Thalassemia (Thalassemia) is a hereditary blood disease. Hemoglobin is a very important component of blood. The oxygen that we carry with breathing, the work of hemoglobin is carried on all parts of the body. There is a defect in the production of these hemoglobin particles transmitting oxygen to the blood. Hemoglobin is produced by two alpha proteins and two beta proteins.

If the production of these proteins decreases, then the production of hemoglobin in the body also decreases and thalassemia occurs. Alpha and beta proteins are made from genes. Synthesis of the two group’s hemoglobin chain is basically genetically controlled. Thalassemia occurs mainly when someone receives a defective gene from their parents in their genealogy.

Types of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is mainly of two kinds. Such as:


The alpha thalassemia section (chain) is formed by four genes. We get this gene from parents from two to each. Alfa thalassemia occurs when one or more of these genes is defective. The more serious the gene is, the more serious the problem will be.

There are four types of alpha thalassemia, such as:

Carrier or carrier: If a gene is defective, there will be no signs and symptoms of thalassemia. However, the infected person will act as the carrier and the affected person can spread the disease to his child.

Alpha Thalassemia Minor: If two genes are defective, then light symptoms can be seen. This condition is called alpha-thalassemia minor or alpha-thalassemia trait. It can not be seen in any of these symptoms. However, the affected person may have light anemia, which can easily be found to be weak.

Hemoglobin H. Disease: If the three genes are defective, its symptoms are medium to severe. This condition is called hemoglobin H. Disease. This results in anemia and may lead to further complications.

Alpha Thalassemia Major: If four genes are defective, then Alpha Thalassemia major or Hydrops fetalis. Due to this, delivery may occur before the child is severely infected with anemia, or a baby may die after birth or the child may have to undergo a blood transfusion treatment.


Beta Thalassemia is made up of chains, with two genes. We get two genes from each of our parents. Beta-thalassemia occurs when one or both genes are defective.

Beta-thalassemia can be of three types:

Beta Thalassemia Minor: If a gene is defective, then mild symptoms can be seen. This condition tells of beta-thalassemia major or beta-thalassemia trait. This can lead to light anemia and its carrier can spread the disease among her child.

Beta thalassemia intermedia: If two genes are defective, sometimes there may be symptoms of moderate encephalitis. This is called beta thalassemia intermedia.

Beta Thalassemia Major: Fatal symptoms are seen when two genes are defective. This condition is called beta-thalassemia major or Cooley’s anemia. Newborn babies who have this problem are very healthy during birth. But its symptoms are seen within the first two years of birth. If they are not treated, they may cause liver, bone and heart problems.

Thalassemia symptoms

Thalassemia Miner does not usually have any major symptoms except for anemia or anemia. Thalassemia Major is usually pronounced with symptoms in two years of childbirth. Symptoms include:

  • Make more cry.
  • A little bit scary.
  • More infectious diseases are more affected.
  • Hunger strike or unwillingness to eat.
  • Plagiarism Grows.
  • The face is pale.
  • The skin is yellow (jaundice).
  • Mouth bone distortion.
  • Slow physical growth.
  • Stomach stretches outward or growing.
  • Dark color urine.

How is thalassemia diagnosed?

If doctors suspect Thalassemia by diagnosing the history, signs, and physical examination of the disease, then see the complete blood count and see the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. If necessary, hemoglobin electrophoresis test is also done.

X-rays are seen to be damaged by the bone. Usually, the X-ray of the head and face is done. Chest X-ray exams have many times seen ribs bone distortion. Many of the heart increases in size.

Red blood cell levels in the blood through blood tests, changes in the size of red blood cells, pale red blood cells, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, Assam, iron, and iron the baby’s blood, the amount of hemoglobin is known.

It is possible to determine if there is a patient with thalassemia through DNA examination or whether the patient is carrying a hemoglobin genome. Thalassemia is initially suspected and subsequently monitored by some symptoms and blood tests. For example, blood-type blood count (CBC), blood film (PBF) etc.

Who is more at thalassemia risk?

Having Thalassemia in the Family: If you have a thalassemia in your family/family, you are at risk of this disease.

Certain nations include: Thalassemia is more common among some people such as South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa, Italy, Greek, and Middle Eastern people.

If both parents and parents are not carriers of thalassemia, then children cannot be born with thalassemia. If parents or parents are the thalassemia carriers, then there will be 50 percent chance that the child will be the thalassemia-like mother or father. But this disease will not be affected.

If both parents and mothers are the thalassemia carriers

  • In 25 percent of cases, their child may develop thalassemia due to Major Disease.
  • 50 percent of which can be born as carriers, no symptoms can be expressed.
  • 25 percent can be born as healthy children.

What complications may arise due to thalassemia?

Increase in Iron: Increased amount of iron in the blood due to blood transfusion or disease. If the number of iron increases in blood, it damages the heart, liver and endocrine system.

Increase the risk of infection: Thalassemia patients increase the risk of infection. Especially those who have been expelled from the body, this risk is much more. Because the limb fighting with infections is no longer in the body. Due to blood transfusion, various types of blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis are infected.

Bone Problems: The bone gets stretched and the bone stretches out to become thin and fragile. It is more likely to break the bones.

Problems of Heart Problems: Heart-to-heart problems can occur due to severe thalassemia. This can also lead to heart failure.

Spleen or Spleen: Playa protects our body from infection and filters out old and had blood clots. Because of the thalassemia, there is a lot of red blood cells in the human body, so Spleen has to do a lot of work. This results in spleen enlargement.

Baby growth is low: In the case of a healthy-normal child, where 70-80% of the amount of fatty hemoglobin in the blood is born, the amount of hemoglobin in the blood decreases to 2-3% in less than six months after the baby is born. So the child becomes anemic. Besides, the age at which children want to stand, learn to sit and talk, is not in accordance with these normal development rules.

Thalassemia Treatment

Blood Transfusion

Thalassemia major patients should be given regular blood for the treatment of hemoglobin deficiency in the blood so that the level of hemoglobin is above 9 grams/deciliter (56/56%).Separate blood components for thalassemia patients only to give red cells or red cells. For thalassemia intermediate, most patients do not require regular blood. Many patients do not have to donate blood. Be sure to confirm thalassemia type before beginning blood transfusion.

Beta-thalassemia major patients usually have to donate blood after 2 to 4 weeks. If Thalassemia Intermedia and E Beta Thalassemia, if there is a severe anemia like Thalassemia Major, after 2 to 4 weeks, otherwise blood will be given more.

Iron extraction

In order to find additional iron deposited due to regular blood transfusion in the body of thalassemia patients, it is necessary to receive regular iron ovens such as Desefral, Kelfber. Also, a new mouth-watering drug called Deferasirox is now being used. Any medicines are to be consumed according to the doctor’s advice.

Iron heart disease is the main cause of death due to thalassemia. International research has found that in the long-term treatment, Kelfber has more heart disease protection than Desefral. Due to this, joint treatment recommendations of Desafral and Kalfour were made. Research has shown that the effectiveness of each drug in joint treatment increases with therapeutic and it is possible to effectively eliminate iron.

Replacement of bone marrow

Thalassemia can be cured by bone marrow transplantation. Since it is a congenital problem, if its genetic problem is changed, that is, the organ that has problematic hemoglobin is created, it is possible to completely cure Bomnarro (bone marrow), if it can be modified by bone marrow, it can be completely cured. For this process, a match requires an athlete who is rare. The process is also risky, costly and not successful in cent percent.

Another process is to collect stem cells from Cord Blood Transplantation (newborn’s placenta or embryo and ambulatory cord). Most recently this process has been used successfully in the treatment of the therapeutics of thalassemia in some countries of the world. Research is also underway on gene therapy and it is expected that it will make a breakthrough in future treatment or treatment of thalassemia.

Folic Acid Supplement

The child may need folic acid supplements to prevent encephalitis caused by thalassemia. Folic Acid Hole Vitamin B, which is essential for the normal and healthy structure of each blood cell.

To prevent thalassemia

Prevention of thalassemia is very possible. This is a preventable disease. If both husband and wife are the thalassemia carriers or a thalassemia carrier and a hemoglobin e, then there is the possibility of child thalassic. If any of the two husband and wife are completely healthy, then there is no possibility of being newborn’s thalassemia. However, the newborn may be the thalassemia carrier, which is not a disease. Therefore, discouraging and preventing marriage between the carriers of the disease can reduce the birth of new thalassic children in society.

Thalassemia is expanding rapidly in these countries due to non-awareness of genetic disease and marriage between relatives in Bangladesh, Pakistan. Thalassemia is born in about eight to ten thousand children every year in our country. Meanwhile, there are more than three and a half million children in the country. There are approximately 1.5 million people in this country. So, everyone should be cautious about preventing this disease. If we want, we can eliminate this disease completely from our society.

What should be the life of thalassemia affected people?

  • Regular blood tests.
  • Try to keep the amount of hemoglobin in the blood 10 g or deciliter.
  • Immunization of meningitis and hepatitis B virus.
  • Examine height, weight, liver function every three months in the child’s field.
  • After blood transfusion of eight to 10 bags, it is necessary to determine the amount of iron in the blood.
  • Observe the child’s intelligence and development every year.
  • If the blood level of iron is above one thousand nanograms or milliliters, then the patient is discharged.
  • Ensure pure blood filtration.
  • Keep in mind that children are not infected.
  • Regular hands should be kept clean and washed with soap.

  • To protect the body bone, adequate vitamin D calcium-rich foods should be taken. Do not give iron-rich vitamins without consulting the doctor.

Thalassemia (Thalassemia) is a hereditary blood disease. Hemoglobin is a very important component of blood. The oxygen that we carry with breathing, the work of hemoglobin is carried on all parts of the body. There

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Congenital Heart Disease - Type and Treatment

Congenital Heart Disease – Type and Treatment

Depending on the condition of cardiovascular disease based on the treatment of childbirth heart disease. When the surgery is done, depending on some things. One of which is its size. It depends on how big the hole is and if any other problem arises in the body due to this hole, then it is decided to look at it. The major problems are, one is weightless, two are heart failure. If the heart failure increases, if growth decreases, or if it is pulmonary, due to blood flowing due to the pulmonary artery in the lungs, its pressure increases. That’s the most important thing. Depending on these things, it is necessary to take the surgery to see if it does not. If the hole is small, then doctors recommend waiting. Because small holes are likely to stop manually. For example, waiting for three to four years for VSD. It is possible to close it for three to four years. However, if it is large, then there can be no waiting or other symptoms if they grow, then they must be stopped by surgery or intervention.

Type of congenital heart disease and treatment:

There are many types of congenital heart disease, but the most common types are:

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
The highest number of birth defects is 36 percent. Ventricular septal deficiency refers to the presence of one or more holes in the separator screen in the left and right ventricle. If the ventricular septal disorder, oxygenated pureblood in the body of the child unintentionally mixes with carbon dioxide-rich contaminated blood, which causes many problems.

Ventricular septal deficiency does not show any symptoms if it is too small and it gets better automatically as it grows. But if the size of the hole is larger then the baby’s heart failure may be. The main signs of this disease are rapid breathing, shortness of breath, unusual abnormalities of the heart, weight gain in the age ratio, recurrent or weakness of the age, diminished, gray color, etc.

It is possible to treat the disease without any major cut-outs through cardiac catheterization, but in many cases, it is possible to treat the disease through major surgeries.

Atrial septal defect (ASD)
If there are holes between the two cells of the upper part of the hip leaf, then it is called an atrial septal defect. If you have small size holes, the ASDO is automatically fixed as VSD. If the problem is not good with age, then this disease is treated with cardiac cataract or surgery.

Atrio Ventricular Septal Disease (AVSD)
This problem is a bit complex. Four percent of the total birth rate of cardiovascular disease are affected by this problem. Here the hole between the two chambers of the hatpin holes and simultaneously the blood flow control bulbs do not work properly. If the ventricular septal deflation of a trio Ventricular sends, the hatpin provides extra blood to the lungs, which increases in the form of the hugs and increases the blood pressure in the lungs. This disease is treated with complex surgery.

Pulmonary stenosis
The pulmonary bulb in our body is located between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery and has three leaflets or leaves that control the one-way flow of blood in the lungs. For pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary bulb-related leaflets or pulmonary arteries cannot accurately ensure blood flow, so that from the right ventricles the blood flow to the lungs is disturbed. In many cases, no symptoms of this disease are released until the child is older. Considering the condition of the patient, treatment of this disease is done through the cardiac catharsis of major cut or major surgeries.

Quarkertana of Aorta
When a part of the aorta is slim than normal, it is called a quarantine of aorta. The main symptoms of this disease are tremendous sweat, the coldness of all the time, not getting weight gain, slipping on two feet to body ratio, not getting the pulse or weak pulse, breathing difficulties etc. Without balloon diarrhea, it is possible to treat quarantine of aorta without any major surgery. However, in many cases, large-scale surgical procedures are needed.

Bicuspid Aortic Bulb Disease
The location of the aortic bulb is in our hips and the aorta (the main blood vessel) that keeps the oxygenated blood supply in the body. Usually, there are three leaflets in the bowl, with blood flow stopped by opening and opening. If there is two leaflets instead of three in one baby, then it is called bicuspid aortic bulb disease. Treatment of this disease is done by Bulboplasty through surgery to replace bulb or catheters. The main symptoms of this disease are respiratory, extremely easily drained, severe sweating, etc.

Tough (Tetrology of Falat)
It is a complex congenital heart disease. The disease is a combination of four internal errors in the heart. After two weeks of birth, the child suffers from breathing and during the meal or crying the child becomes blue. Gradually these symptoms continue to increase and the physical growth of the child is severely interrupted. Occasionally, he becomes blue, but if the moment is sitting in the vagina of the discharge, the patient is relaxed. This disease can be diagnosed by echocardiogram, but cardiac catheter is also important. The operation is the only treatment for this disease. Most children can lose their life in childhood if they do not perform surgery.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
The PDA is an unusual connection to the lungs of the lungs (Aurora). Those children who are born before they are usually mature, are more likely to have this disease. Experienced doctors can diagnose the disease by examining the patient. This disease can be easily diagnosed by echocardiogram. If it is smaller, then the catheter has to be diagnosed with device closure, if it is large.

Hypertropic Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
After birth, many times the heart muscle of the baby may increase abnormally. This condition is called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM). If the mother has congenital diabetes, H and CM may be present in the baby. Influenza Insulin: This type of abnormal condition in the cardiovascular system is found in Altrasnogram or Eco-Machine. Do not get upset This kind of abnormal condition is normal for the child’s age.

Transient Trooponia of Newborn (TTN)
There may also be a hole in the nail of the binds or atrium holes. Especially if there is a small hole in the middle of the nipple muscles, it can be stopped during the period. Although it can take 7-8 years to reduce the holes of less than 5 millimeters, the child’s heart specialists can take longer time waiting for a hiatus to stop. So there is nothing to be disappointed about, especially for this type of Muscular VSD, sometimes a baby may have a complex color despite the fact that there is no congenital heart disease. Her heart rate can increase to abnormal levels. In most cases, the age of newborns is a condition similar to those of cardiovascular conditions. The disease is said to be caused by the transient tachypnea of neuron (TTN) children’s lung water substance with the birth, but this type of hazard occurs due to the presence of TTN’s some lung substances. If the child is born through cesarean surgery, rapid childbirth, in many cases, this type of symptoms can occur in a newborn baby. But hopefully, in 48 to 72 hours the child becomes better, no medicines are needed.


The open heart surgery or chest should not be cut if there is a congenital heart disease of the children. Due to the unprecedented advancement of science, PDA, ASD (atrial central deflation), large VSD (ventricular central deflation), narrowing of the narrowed heart of the heart (pulmonary balloon well Bulloplastic, PtMC, aortic well Phalloplasty) with the help of device system and coil and balloon. It is possible to treat 100 percent of such diseases. In this case, it is not necessary to cut a book. The child became healthy on the day after getting treatment in a fancy manner.

When children are born with different types of congenital heart disease, TAF Tertiary of Fallot, TGA, Large and abnormal size ASD, VSD, PDA, TAPDC, AD kennel defect, tranquil artery, etc., there is no other way except surgery. However, when to make the surgery, where to make it – this also becomes a matter of issue.

Read more: Baby Heart Disease Reason, observation, and action

Depending on the condition of cardiovascular disease based on the treatment of childbirth heart disease. When the surgery is done, depending on some things. One of which is its size. It depends on how big

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Child Birth Heart Disease

Child Birth Heart Disease – Reason, Observation and Action

Childbirth heart disease is one such disease that begins in mother’s womb. In our country due to untouchability, its rate is not very low. The study found that eight children of every 1,000 live children were born with birth-prone heart disease. Again, in the first 6 months of the birth, symptoms of the disease of 2-3 of these 1000 people are expressed with various symptoms. It may be revealed at any time of life after all others. Every year 25 to 30 thousand children are born with birth-prone heart disease in the World.

What is birth congenital heart disease?

There are four chambers or chambers in a heart. The blood circulates in the cells of the body through the different arteries and shards through the chamber from one chamber to the other, But there is no connection between the Chamber as well. As well as during pregnancy, there is a hole in the chamber, through which the blood flows, and during this time of birth or during the first three months of birth, this hole is stopped.

In some cases, this hiatus does not stop because of various types of heart problems. As the heart grows, valves are damaged, heart failure, blood pressure increases. If you do not understand the problem from the outside, then it is possible to understand some signs.

In the case of congenital heart disease, there may be structural errors of the heart in the womb of the baby. Due to this error, the proper functioning of the heart is interrupted. Due to such error, blood flow is not normal, becomes slow, flows in the wrong direction or in the wrong place, or is completely closed. These symptoms are called congenital heart defects.

Why is birth heart disease?

In fact, it is not known in most cases why a congenital heart disease is present. Yet there are many things for which this could be. As if the mother has an infection during pregnancy, especially in the first three months there is a virus named Rubella, if it is infected, then the risk of birth defects increases.

Apart from this, if the mother has any disease, such as diabetes – if it is not controlled, then the risk of birth defective heart disease increases. There are also some congenital diseases, hereditary diseases, such as Down Syndrome, Marfan Syndrome or Turner Syndrome – are associated with these errors in cardiovascular disease.

The fact is not directly related to nutrients. However, if the mother suffers from malnutrition, she may not eat properly. But the matter is not yet confirmed. Again, if the mother is overweight then there is a risk of its problem.

If the mother consumes any medicines, especially in the first three months, that is, if there are teratogenic medicines, that is, any medicine that can damage the child – they can be born with childbirth heart disease if they play. Though smoking or drinking, habits increase their risk.

It is sometimes seen that, if a mother gives birth to a baby in the first place, she will have only four to five percent of the risk of such an error. If the child has a problem for the second time, then the fear of the third time would be 22 to 25 percent.

There are some congenital heart diseases that may occur if a mother is a child. If the mother has ‘Marfan syndrome’, 50 percent of the chance of having a child, ‘Aortic stenosis’ (10 percent of the probability of heart failure), and ‘tetralogy of Fallot’ If there are 3 percent.

Signs of birth congenital heart disease

Due to frequent coldness and respiration after birth, difficulty in eating breast milk and scurrying, hands and toes and lips and blue lightness, lack of weight and physical growth etc.
Remarkable issues for the mother to the baby:

  • Whether or not the child is breathing soon after birth.
  • Whether it is very dark or bluish on his lips or skin.
  • If the heartbeat of the child is abnormally less or more or it is abnormal, then it is unusual.
  • After the birth of the baby, if the mother is succumbing to drinking milk.
  • If you are tired of drinking a little milk and you are drinking milk after some time.
  • When drinking milk, the child is abnormally sweated or suffocated.
  • The baby is not growing like all other kids.
  • Since the birth of the baby, there is often a cold cough, and that is why it has to be repeated in a hospital or going to a doctor.
  • The baby becomes abnormally dark when crying and breathing difficulties simultaneously. Little boys play black while running while playing, breathing difficulties, and lying down on their feet or when big babies get kneeling, their relief comes. Older children may sometimes have chest pain, palpitations, and sensation.
    • If any of the above symptoms occur, the child will have to be taken to the doctor immediately.

      How can a child’s birth cardiac diagnosis be determined?

      In some cases, childbirth heart disease can be diagnosed in pregnancy or after birth. And in some cases, until the child gets older it cannot be understood. You will need to know as much as possible about this so that if your baby is born then necessary measures should be taken as soon as possible.In 80 percent of the cases, it is possible to diagnose the birth heart of the pregnant baby between 18 to 22 weeks of pregnancy. If caught, the children’s heart disease specialists will explain to you what to do after the baby is born.

      Diagnosis of Birth Disease in Pregnancy:
      Throughout the fetal echo test, the child’s heart may be tested during pregnancy. Through this test, his heart image can be made in the child’s condition. This test can be done in 18-22 weeks during pregnancy. During pregnancy checkup, the doctor advises you to do this test, such as the abnormal heartbeat, mother’s diabetes, medical conditions like lupus, or if there is a history of the problems of a family’s birth-prone heart.

      Diagnosis after birth:
      Different types of methods may be used to determine birth defective heart disease. If you see symptoms of cardiovascular disease, the doctor can check the patient’s heart and lactation through a stethoscope. The doctor can do an echocardiogram. This is the heart’s ultrasound. Through this, the doctor can check heartbeat, valve and other parts of the heart.

      An electrocardiogram can be done through which there is no abnormal heart rate or any chamber of a heart is examined. Chest X-rays, halt monitoring, Cath study, cardiac city citizens, MRI etc. can also be done.

      Echocardiography examinations are now conducted at almost all hospitals, cardiology centers, and diagnostic centers. In the absence of adequate knowledge in our country, complex congenital heart disease is not diagnosed at an early age. Gradually it becomes more complicated than complex.

      There are many congenital heart diseases, in which case the signs of the disease in the first two months of the child are not easily discernible. This type of cardiovascular disease can be identified only on Eco-Color Doppler Machine. In some cases, a cardiac cath may be needed.

      For this reason, important children are referred to at the appropriate time.

      Prevention of childhood heart disease

      Most congenital heart disease cannot be prevented. However, there are few rules to reduce its risk.

      Women should take MMR injection at the time of pregnancy planning. It can protect against rubella virus or German missiles disease. It is important to remember, children of rubella-affected mothers are often born with congenital heart disease.

      Many mothers in pregnancy were affected by high blood pressure or diabetes. It is important to get proper treatment. In the same way, mothers who are suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes will have to take the advice of both the doctor and their control on the condition of pregnancy. It is important to consult doctors who are suffering from chronic diseases.

      The first three months of pregnancy are very risky. At this time should be away from X-rays or any kind of radioactivity. Excessive X-rays can be done for urgent need, but before that, the proper operation of X-rays cannot be read in the body of an unborn child. There is a way to wear a lead apron.

      Pregnant mothers should be completely excluded from smoking and drinking. Even in the house that is smoked, he should not live in the house. Many medicines cannot be used during pregnancy.

      Many medicines make physical errors of an unknown child. Therefore, no medicines can be taken without the advice of the doctor. Also, due to poor service and lack of folic acid, the pregnancy needs to be filled.

      If a mother has a congenital heart disease, what precautions should be taken during pregnancy?

      Due to the advancement of medical science, almost 85% of congenital heart disease survives until adulthood. Because of that, the number of mothers who are presently having congenital heart disease is far more than ever.

      Many of them may not have any problem in the normal condition, but when they become pregnant then there are many problems due to increased pressure on the heart. So if you have such problems, before pregnancy, if you do not do it, then contact the heart disease specialist immediately after pregnancy. In that case, you will be sent to a hospital where there are both cardiovascular and maternity services.

      Your birth congenital heart disease can affect your baby. Due to weakness, the primary function of the heart, it can not be properly pumped by the blood supply to various parts of the body.

      As a result, the fetus does not reach the body even if it is not necessary, due to the lack of sufficient oxygen and nutrients, the child may lose weight, the child may become weak, and even before birth can be delivered. In this situation, after 26 weeks, your pregnant baby’s birth will be measured regularly, as if it is less than it is to be seen.

      According to the type of cardiovascular disease, the doctor will arrange your pre-natal care. In this case, there is no restriction on the use of certain medicines such as A, C, E. inhibitors. Follow all the doctor’s advice in letter letters. Light exercises, such as cutting a sidewalk, will keep you well. Please consult your doctor before starting any additional exercise.

      Many times the pain is started with medicine. But in your case, it can not be done. The drug that is given to give birth to prostate pain (prostaglandin) is called prostaglandin. Sometimes this medicine can make the uterus more aggravated (overstimulate), then it is necessary to give another medication. But if you have a congenital heart disease then that medicine can not be used. In those cases, those who have congenital heart disease are waiting for the natural pain in their birth.

      If there is a congenital heart disease that does not have to be done in the cesarean section. However, in this case, doctors advise for free delivery. It may be used to give epidural (nervous anesthetic injections) or facilitate delivery through the devices (forceps) so that the mother does not have to put extra pressure, excessive pressure can cause her weak heart to be in danger.

      Best wishes for all.

Childbirth heart disease is one such disease that begins in mother's womb. In our country due to untouchability, its rate is not very low. The study found that eight children of every 1,000 live children

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Down Syndrome Because, risks and actions

Down Syndrome Because, Risks and Actions

Down syndrome or downward child nature is a special kind of child. The word down syndrome is derived from the name of British physician John Langdon, who identified these children in 1866. A child between every 500 and 700 children can be born with a Down Syndrome or Down Child. According to the World Health Organization report, in our country, about 5000 births per year or 15 children per day are born.

What is Down Syndrome?

DNA inside the chromosomal inside our cell is called genealogy holder and carrier. All of our characteristics, such as conduct, behavior, intelligence, appearance, height, color are all controlled by this DNA. If there is an inconsistency in this DNA or chromosome, physical and mental defects occur. These are genetic errors. Some children have certain physical characteristics such as relaxation of the muscles, lower height, elevation of the eyes, flat nose, small ears, only one line in the palate, etc. They’re Down Syndrome.

Causes and Risks of Down Syndrome

The smallest part of the body structure is called cell or cell. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in each human cell, half of which comes from the mother and half from the father. One chromosome is made up of billions of DNA. Down syndrome, another chromosome 21 entered the place of chromosomes. Researchers believe 95 percent of the down syndrome is due to this. World number syndrome day is celebrated on 21/3 or 21st March, as there are three chromosomes 21. And due to this additional chromosomes, certain physical and mental flaws of the baby below are noticed.

It is not known exactly where the mother under the mother was born. Many people think that only elderly women give birth to a child with Down syndrome. This is a misconception. Anyone who can be affected by Down Syndrome, but with age, the risk continues to increase. The age of the mother increases the likelihood of a baby’s Downs syndrome.

For example, one in 1600 pregnant mothers up to 20 years of age, one in 1300 pregnant mothers of up to 25 years of age, and one in 1000 mothers of up to 30 years of age. But after the age of 35, the risks are increasing rapidly. One in 350 pregnant mothers up to 35 years of age and one in 100 mothers below 40 years of age.

Even if the possibility of having a baby under the age of most of the elderly increases, as the majority of women are young at the young age, the child below the mothers of young people is usually seen. That means that the mother of any age can be a baby down

On the other hand, if a mother has a downward child, then it increases the chances of having a baby below. It is believed that due to environmental pollution, pregnant mother’s adulterated food and cosmetics, radioactivity, etc., the baby may be born. Often, if parents are carriers of chromosomes with errors, their children may be down-to-earth. If the carrier is a father, then the risk is 3% and if the mother is growing then it will increase to 12%.

Identification of Down Syndrome in Pregnancy

In some cases, it is possible to identify whether there is a child’s Down syndrome before the birth of the baby through prenatal examination. The screening test cannot be sure of the fact that if a pregnant baby has Downs syndrome, it can give a sense of how much the percentage of the pregnant baby’s Down syndrome is. Examining chromosomes using baby blood samples is the only way to diagnose this disease.

Between 11 and 14 weeks, pregnancy mother’s blood is found in Pap, HCG, and 16 to 20 weeks, depending on the risk of chemicals in AFP, istriol, HCG, etc. Apart from ultrasonography, it is found in the mother’s stomach 11 or 14 weeks after the neck of the baby’s neck, the presence of nostrils, and the blood flow of the primary blood vessel called “Daktas Venosos.” According to the inspection report, the mothers identified as high risk are advised to check the baby below.

High risk / ‘screening yes’ indicates that your pregnant baby has this disease. If ‘screening is yes’, you must be tested for diagnosis. You will be asked to do any of the chorionic villus sampling (amniocentesis) or amniocentesis to make sure you have a down syndrome. Your doctor will help you to understand the results and help you decide whether to take any further tests.


According to the doctor’s suggestion, you may be offered amniocentesis for up to 15 weeks of pregnancy if your down syndrome screening results in high risk / ‘screening yes’. If there is any abnormality in the ultrasound scan, which has a genetic problem, and if you or your baby’s father’s family have a history of chronic or chromosomal problems like Down Syndrome, Cycle Cell Anemia or Thalassemia, then this test may be suggested.


A subtle index under the guidance of ultrasound will be inserted into the amniotic fluid surrounded by the baby inside your stomach. Children’s chromosomes and chromosomes of this fluid cell are the same. This is why a sample of this fluid is sent to the laboratory.

Usually, this fluid is tested for down syndrome and other serious diseases such as spina bifida and Cecil cell. It is also known through the test that the child is not a boy or a girl. So if you want to know your baby’s sex then your doctor can ask.


In the amniocentesis test, there is a risk of a miscarriage of 0.5-1%, that is, every 100 test results in a miscarriage. For this reason, before examining this, the risk of miscarriage should be considered well.

Coronic Villas Sampling (CVS)

Before amniocentesis, it is possible to make CVS at the 11th week of your pregnancy. It can tell you beforehand whether there is any risk of your child being succumbed to a disease (such as cystic fibrosis, Cecil cell, thalassemia, or muscular default).


In this test, a fine index under the guidance of ultrasound is transmitted to the uterus through the abdomen. Sometimes a fine tube passes through the vagina and passes through the uterus to the uterus. A very small part of the uterus (known as chronic tissue) is taken for testing.


CVS is at risk of 1-2% of miscarriage. It is riskier than amniocentesis.

How Down Syndrome Can Be Detected After Birth:

A physician may be suspicious of seeing any age-old child as a child. Because they have certain physical characteristics. When the parents see that their child’s appearance is a little different, they do not have less energy on the baby, they are not able to learn to stand or walk, to increase their physical growth, to have less intelligence, then they become the doctor. A doctor determines whether the baby is under child’s chromosomic number or karyotyping test.

The symptoms of babies who are born with Down syndrome are:

  • The body muscles are not strong or muscles are not as strong as children. It is called muscular relaxation or hypotonia and such children are called floppy babies.
  • Two eyes outer edge curved.
  • There may be only one line across the palms of their hands (Singal Palmer Card).
  • At birth, the weight and length of the child are less than the average weight and length.

Babies with Down Syndrome have some common physical characteristics, although they may not be the same for everyone. Seeing a child with Down syndrome is more like his mother, father, or other family members than the other syndrome-affected child.

There are differences in personality and ability among down syndrome sufferers. Everyone born with Down syndrome has different learning disabilities. The level of teaching disabilities is the same for each other. There may be problems in contacting the child infected with this disease and there is not much attention to any one subject.

Can not think and remember anything due to intellectual problems. Children are never imagined and cannot play alone. There are problems with giving or receiving a child.

Many children with Down syndrome have a health problem. The possible complications include:

  • Heart disease.
  • Intestinal abnormality.
  • Digestion Problems.
  • Hearing and sight impairment.
  • Thyroid defective action.
  • Infection.
  • Problems with Cervical Spine.
  • Blood Disease.

The intensity of these problems varies from person to person. Some children do not have any of these, and some have to enjoy some of it. Your child may be tested by the pediatrician more frequently than any other child so that the new problems can be quickly identified.

Child Care of Down Syndrome

It is difficult for almost all households to accept the diagnosis of an undernourished child. It is not unusual to have negative thoughts in these situations.

After the birth of the child, the more the children respond to the parents, the more new activities they develop, the more the parents’ love for the child develops. Children with Down syndrome have thus failed to attract the attention of their parents.

However, it is important to remember that children with Down syndrome, like other children, have similar needs. Getting support from family, relatives, and neighbors is very important in this case.

Although Down Syndrome is not a cure, there are many ways to support such children so that they can grow and become self-sufficient as a healthy and fulfilling person. These include:

  • Specialized enhanced healthcare.
  • Special services for providing necessary support to children and their parents.
  • Training to increase child-rearing skills.
  • Education and support groups to provide information and support to parents, friends, and family of affected children.

Advanced education and support bring more opportunities to people with Down syndrome. Experts say that physical care can be brought under various services. Down syndrome can be self-reliant by teaching children like other normal babies if proper care, nutritional food, speech and language therapy and physical therapy are given.

Special education programs (IEPs) are available for these children at Cardiff International School. The army-run ‘Prayas’ school also offers special education for children with autism as well as children with Down syndrome and other disabilities.

Because the child with Down syndrome has more physical problems than normal, it may be examined by the child specialist often than the other children so that the newborn problems are quickly identified. The eyes and ears should be regularly checked for children with Down syndrome.

Because in most cases, they suffer from the problems associated with these two organs. Besides, if there are other physical problems including birth defective heart disease, then he is also available in our country. Early intervention programmatic procedures include the treatment of multiple problems, such as improving eyesight or increasing motor skills.


There is no way to prevent down syndrome. As the mother increases the risk of having a baby with age, it is discouraged by the age of medical science, especially at the age of thirty-five. If the mother’s previous child is suffering from Down syndrome, then the doctor should be consulted for taking the baby later on.

Down syndrome or downward child nature is a special kind of child. The word down syndrome is derived from the name of British physician John Langdon, who identified these children in 1866. A child between

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