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Baby Thalassemia Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Baby Thalassemia Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Thalassemia (Thalassemia) is a hereditary blood disease. Hemoglobin is a very important component of blood. The oxygen that we carry with breathing, the work of hemoglobin is carried on all parts of the body. There is a defect in the production of these hemoglobin particles transmitting oxygen to the blood. Hemoglobin is produced by two alpha proteins and two beta proteins.

If the production of these proteins decreases, then the production of hemoglobin in the body also decreases and thalassemia occurs. Alpha and beta proteins are made from genes. Synthesis of the two group’s hemoglobin chain is basically genetically controlled. Thalassemia occurs mainly when someone receives a defective gene from their parents in their genealogy.

Types of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is mainly of two kinds. Such as:


The alpha thalassemia section (chain) is formed by four genes. We get this gene from parents from two to each. Alfa thalassemia occurs when one or more of these genes is defective. The more serious the gene is, the more serious the problem will be.

There are four types of alpha thalassemia, such as:

Carrier or carrier: If a gene is defective, there will be no signs and symptoms of thalassemia. However, the infected person will act as the carrier and the affected person can spread the disease to his child.

Alpha Thalassemia Minor: If two genes are defective, then light symptoms can be seen. This condition is called alpha-thalassemia minor or alpha-thalassemia trait. It can not be seen in any of these symptoms. However, the affected person may have light anemia, which can easily be found to be weak.

Hemoglobin H. Disease: If the three genes are defective, its symptoms are medium to severe. This condition is called hemoglobin H. Disease. This results in anemia and may lead to further complications.

Alpha Thalassemia Major: If four genes are defective, then Alpha Thalassemia major or Hydrops fetalis. Due to this, delivery may occur before the child is severely infected with anemia, or a baby may die after birth or the child may have to undergo a blood transfusion treatment.


Beta Thalassemia is made up of chains, with two genes. We get two genes from each of our parents. Beta-thalassemia occurs when one or both genes are defective.

Beta-thalassemia can be of three types:

Beta Thalassemia Minor: If a gene is defective, then mild symptoms can be seen. This condition tells of beta-thalassemia major or beta-thalassemia trait. This can lead to light anemia and its carrier can spread the disease among her child.

Beta thalassemia intermedia: If two genes are defective, sometimes there may be symptoms of moderate encephalitis. This is called beta thalassemia intermedia.

Beta Thalassemia Major: Fatal symptoms are seen when two genes are defective. This condition is called beta-thalassemia major or Cooley’s anemia. Newborn babies who have this problem are very healthy during birth. But its symptoms are seen within the first two years of birth. If they are not treated, they may cause liver, bone and heart problems.

Thalassemia symptoms

Thalassemia Miner does not usually have any major symptoms except for anemia or anemia. Thalassemia Major is usually pronounced with symptoms in two years of childbirth. Symptoms include:

  • Make more cry.
  • A little bit scary.
  • More infectious diseases are more affected.
  • Hunger strike or unwillingness to eat.
  • Plagiarism Grows.
  • The face is pale.
  • The skin is yellow (jaundice).
  • Mouth bone distortion.
  • Slow physical growth.
  • Stomach stretches outward or growing.
  • Dark color urine.

How is thalassemia diagnosed?

If doctors suspect Thalassemia by diagnosing the history, signs, and physical examination of the disease, then see the complete blood count and see the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. If necessary, hemoglobin electrophoresis test is also done.

X-rays are seen to be damaged by the bone. Usually, the X-ray of the head and face is done. Chest X-ray exams have many times seen ribs bone distortion. Many of the heart increases in size.

Red blood cell levels in the blood through blood tests, changes in the size of red blood cells, pale red blood cells, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, Assam, iron, and iron the baby’s blood, the amount of hemoglobin is known.

It is possible to determine if there is a patient with thalassemia through DNA examination or whether the patient is carrying a hemoglobin genome. Thalassemia is initially suspected and subsequently monitored by some symptoms and blood tests. For example, blood-type blood count (CBC), blood film (PBF) etc.

Who is more at thalassemia risk?

Having Thalassemia in the Family: If you have a thalassemia in your family/family, you are at risk of this disease.

Certain nations include: Thalassemia is more common among some people such as South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa, Italy, Greek, and Middle Eastern people.

If both parents and parents are not carriers of thalassemia, then children cannot be born with thalassemia. If parents or parents are the thalassemia carriers, then there will be 50 percent chance that the child will be the thalassemia-like mother or father. But this disease will not be affected.

If both parents and mothers are the thalassemia carriers

  • In 25 percent of cases, their child may develop thalassemia due to Major Disease.
  • 50 percent of which can be born as carriers, no symptoms can be expressed.
  • 25 percent can be born as healthy children.

What complications may arise due to thalassemia?

Increase in Iron: Increased amount of iron in the blood due to blood transfusion or disease. If the number of iron increases in blood, it damages the heart, liver and endocrine system.

Increase the risk of infection: Thalassemia patients increase the risk of infection. Especially those who have been expelled from the body, this risk is much more. Because the limb fighting with infections is no longer in the body. Due to blood transfusion, various types of blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis are infected.

Bone Problems: The bone gets stretched and the bone stretches out to become thin and fragile. It is more likely to break the bones.

Problems of Heart Problems: Heart-to-heart problems can occur due to severe thalassemia. This can also lead to heart failure.

Spleen or Spleen: Playa protects our body from infection and filters out old and had blood clots. Because of the thalassemia, there is a lot of red blood cells in the human body, so Spleen has to do a lot of work. This results in spleen enlargement.

Baby growth is low: In the case of a healthy-normal child, where 70-80% of the amount of fatty hemoglobin in the blood is born, the amount of hemoglobin in the blood decreases to 2-3% in less than six months after the baby is born. So the child becomes anemic. Besides, the age at which children want to stand, learn to sit and talk, is not in accordance with these normal development rules.

Thalassemia Treatment

Blood Transfusion

Thalassemia major patients should be given regular blood for the treatment of hemoglobin deficiency in the blood so that the level of hemoglobin is above 9 grams/deciliter (56/56%).Separate blood components for thalassemia patients only to give red cells or red cells. For thalassemia intermediate, most patients do not require regular blood. Many patients do not have to donate blood. Be sure to confirm thalassemia type before beginning blood transfusion.

Beta-thalassemia major patients usually have to donate blood after 2 to 4 weeks. If Thalassemia Intermedia and E Beta Thalassemia, if there is a severe anemia like Thalassemia Major, after 2 to 4 weeks, otherwise blood will be given more.

Iron extraction

In order to find additional iron deposited due to regular blood transfusion in the body of thalassemia patients, it is necessary to receive regular iron ovens such as Desefral, Kelfber. Also, a new mouth-watering drug called Deferasirox is now being used. Any medicines are to be consumed according to the doctor’s advice.

Iron heart disease is the main cause of death due to thalassemia. International research has found that in the long-term treatment, Kelfber has more heart disease protection than Desefral. Due to this, joint treatment recommendations of Desafral and Kalfour were made. Research has shown that the effectiveness of each drug in joint treatment increases with therapeutic and it is possible to effectively eliminate iron.

Replacement of bone marrow

Thalassemia can be cured by bone marrow transplantation. Since it is a congenital problem, if its genetic problem is changed, that is, the organ that has problematic hemoglobin is created, it is possible to completely cure Bomnarro (bone marrow), if it can be modified by bone marrow, it can be completely cured. For this process, a match requires an athlete who is rare. The process is also risky, costly and not successful in cent percent.

Another process is to collect stem cells from Cord Blood Transplantation (newborn’s placenta or embryo and ambulatory cord). Most recently this process has been used successfully in the treatment of the therapeutics of thalassemia in some countries of the world. Research is also underway on gene therapy and it is expected that it will make a breakthrough in future treatment or treatment of thalassemia.

Folic Acid Supplement

The child may need folic acid supplements to prevent encephalitis caused by thalassemia. Folic Acid Hole Vitamin B, which is essential for the normal and healthy structure of each blood cell.

To prevent thalassemia

Prevention of thalassemia is very possible. This is a preventable disease. If both husband and wife are the thalassemia carriers or a thalassemia carrier and a hemoglobin e, then there is the possibility of child thalassic. If any of the two husband and wife are completely healthy, then there is no possibility of being newborn’s thalassemia. However, the newborn may be the thalassemia carrier, which is not a disease. Therefore, discouraging and preventing marriage between the carriers of the disease can reduce the birth of new thalassic children in society.

Thalassemia is expanding rapidly in these countries due to non-awareness of genetic disease and marriage between relatives in Bangladesh, Pakistan. Thalassemia is born in about eight to ten thousand children every year in our country. Meanwhile, there are more than three and a half million children in the country. There are approximately 1.5 million people in this country. So, everyone should be cautious about preventing this disease. If we want, we can eliminate this disease completely from our society.

What should be the life of thalassemia affected people?

  • Regular blood tests.
  • Try to keep the amount of hemoglobin in the blood 10 g or deciliter.
  • Immunization of meningitis and hepatitis B virus.
  • Examine height, weight, liver function every three months in the child’s field.
  • After blood transfusion of eight to 10 bags, it is necessary to determine the amount of iron in the blood.
  • Observe the child’s intelligence and development every year.
  • If the blood level of iron is above one thousand nanograms or milliliters, then the patient is discharged.
  • Ensure pure blood filtration.
  • Keep in mind that children are not infected.
  • Regular hands should be kept clean and washed with soap.

  • To protect the body bone, adequate vitamin D calcium-rich foods should be taken. Do not give iron-rich vitamins without consulting the doctor.

Thalassemia (Thalassemia) is a hereditary blood disease. Hemoglobin is a very important component of blood. The oxygen that we carry with breathing, the work of hemoglobin is carried on all parts of the body. There

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Congenital Heart Disease - Type and Treatment

Congenital Heart Disease – Type and Treatment

Depending on the condition of cardiovascular disease based on the treatment of childbirth heart disease. When the surgery is done, depending on some things. One of which is its size. It depends on how big the hole is and if any other problem arises in the body due to this hole, then it is decided to look at it. The major problems are, one is weightless, two are heart failure. If the heart failure increases, if growth decreases, or if it is pulmonary, due to blood flowing due to the pulmonary artery in the lungs, its pressure increases. That’s the most important thing. Depending on these things, it is necessary to take the surgery to see if it does not. If the hole is small, then doctors recommend waiting. Because small holes are likely to stop manually. For example, waiting for three to four years for VSD. It is possible to close it for three to four years. However, if it is large, then there can be no waiting or other symptoms if they grow, then they must be stopped by surgery or intervention.

Type of congenital heart disease and treatment:

There are many types of congenital heart disease, but the most common types are:

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
The highest number of birth defects is 36 percent. Ventricular septal deficiency refers to the presence of one or more holes in the separator screen in the left and right ventricle. If the ventricular septal disorder, oxygenated pureblood in the body of the child unintentionally mixes with carbon dioxide-rich contaminated blood, which causes many problems.

Ventricular septal deficiency does not show any symptoms if it is too small and it gets better automatically as it grows. But if the size of the hole is larger then the baby’s heart failure may be. The main signs of this disease are rapid breathing, shortness of breath, unusual abnormalities of the heart, weight gain in the age ratio, recurrent or weakness of the age, diminished, gray color, etc.

It is possible to treat the disease without any major cut-outs through cardiac catheterization, but in many cases, it is possible to treat the disease through major surgeries.

Atrial septal defect (ASD)
If there are holes between the two cells of the upper part of the hip leaf, then it is called an atrial septal defect. If you have small size holes, the ASDO is automatically fixed as VSD. If the problem is not good with age, then this disease is treated with cardiac cataract or surgery.

Atrio Ventricular Septal Disease (AVSD)
This problem is a bit complex. Four percent of the total birth rate of cardiovascular disease are affected by this problem. Here the hole between the two chambers of the hatpin holes and simultaneously the blood flow control bulbs do not work properly. If the ventricular septal deflation of a trio Ventricular sends, the hatpin provides extra blood to the lungs, which increases in the form of the hugs and increases the blood pressure in the lungs. This disease is treated with complex surgery.

Pulmonary stenosis
The pulmonary bulb in our body is located between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery and has three leaflets or leaves that control the one-way flow of blood in the lungs. For pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary bulb-related leaflets or pulmonary arteries cannot accurately ensure blood flow, so that from the right ventricles the blood flow to the lungs is disturbed. In many cases, no symptoms of this disease are released until the child is older. Considering the condition of the patient, treatment of this disease is done through the cardiac catharsis of major cut or major surgeries.

Quarkertana of Aorta
When a part of the aorta is slim than normal, it is called a quarantine of aorta. The main symptoms of this disease are tremendous sweat, the coldness of all the time, not getting weight gain, slipping on two feet to body ratio, not getting the pulse or weak pulse, breathing difficulties etc. Without balloon diarrhea, it is possible to treat quarantine of aorta without any major surgery. However, in many cases, large-scale surgical procedures are needed.

Bicuspid Aortic Bulb Disease
The location of the aortic bulb is in our hips and the aorta (the main blood vessel) that keeps the oxygenated blood supply in the body. Usually, there are three leaflets in the bowl, with blood flow stopped by opening and opening. If there is two leaflets instead of three in one baby, then it is called bicuspid aortic bulb disease. Treatment of this disease is done by Bulboplasty through surgery to replace bulb or catheters. The main symptoms of this disease are respiratory, extremely easily drained, severe sweating, etc.

Tough (Tetrology of Falat)
It is a complex congenital heart disease. The disease is a combination of four internal errors in the heart. After two weeks of birth, the child suffers from breathing and during the meal or crying the child becomes blue. Gradually these symptoms continue to increase and the physical growth of the child is severely interrupted. Occasionally, he becomes blue, but if the moment is sitting in the vagina of the discharge, the patient is relaxed. This disease can be diagnosed by echocardiogram, but cardiac catheter is also important. The operation is the only treatment for this disease. Most children can lose their life in childhood if they do not perform surgery.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
The PDA is an unusual connection to the lungs of the lungs (Aurora). Those children who are born before they are usually mature, are more likely to have this disease. Experienced doctors can diagnose the disease by examining the patient. This disease can be easily diagnosed by echocardiogram. If it is smaller, then the catheter has to be diagnosed with device closure, if it is large.

Hypertropic Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
After birth, many times the heart muscle of the baby may increase abnormally. This condition is called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM). If the mother has congenital diabetes, H and CM may be present in the baby. Influenza Insulin: This type of abnormal condition in the cardiovascular system is found in Altrasnogram or Eco-Machine. Do not get upset This kind of abnormal condition is normal for the child’s age.

Transient Trooponia of Newborn (TTN)
There may also be a hole in the nail of the binds or atrium holes. Especially if there is a small hole in the middle of the nipple muscles, it can be stopped during the period. Although it can take 7-8 years to reduce the holes of less than 5 millimeters, the child’s heart specialists can take longer time waiting for a hiatus to stop. So there is nothing to be disappointed about, especially for this type of Muscular VSD, sometimes a baby may have a complex color despite the fact that there is no congenital heart disease. Her heart rate can increase to abnormal levels. In most cases, the age of newborns is a condition similar to those of cardiovascular conditions. The disease is said to be caused by the transient tachypnea of neuron (TTN) children’s lung water substance with the birth, but this type of hazard occurs due to the presence of TTN’s some lung substances. If the child is born through cesarean surgery, rapid childbirth, in many cases, this type of symptoms can occur in a newborn baby. But hopefully, in 48 to 72 hours the child becomes better, no medicines are needed.


The open heart surgery or chest should not be cut if there is a congenital heart disease of the children. Due to the unprecedented advancement of science, PDA, ASD (atrial central deflation), large VSD (ventricular central deflation), narrowing of the narrowed heart of the heart (pulmonary balloon well Bulloplastic, PtMC, aortic well Phalloplasty) with the help of device system and coil and balloon. It is possible to treat 100 percent of such diseases. In this case, it is not necessary to cut a book. The child became healthy on the day after getting treatment in a fancy manner.

When children are born with different types of congenital heart disease, TAF Tertiary of Fallot, TGA, Large and abnormal size ASD, VSD, PDA, TAPDC, AD kennel defect, tranquil artery, etc., there is no other way except surgery. However, when to make the surgery, where to make it – this also becomes a matter of issue.

Read more: Baby Heart Disease Reason, observation, and action

Depending on the condition of cardiovascular disease based on the treatment of childbirth heart disease. When the surgery is done, depending on some things. One of which is its size. It depends on how big

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Child Birth Heart Disease

Child Birth Heart Disease – Reason, Observation and Action

Childbirth heart disease is one such disease that begins in mother’s womb. In our country due to untouchability, its rate is not very low. The study found that eight children of every 1,000 live children were born with birth-prone heart disease. Again, in the first 6 months of the birth, symptoms of the disease of 2-3 of these 1000 people are expressed with various symptoms. It may be revealed at any time of life after all others. Every year 25 to 30 thousand children are born with birth-prone heart disease in the World.

What is birth congenital heart disease?

There are four chambers or chambers in a heart. The blood circulates in the cells of the body through the different arteries and shards through the chamber from one chamber to the other, But there is no connection between the Chamber as well. As well as during pregnancy, there is a hole in the chamber, through which the blood flows, and during this time of birth or during the first three months of birth, this hole is stopped.

In some cases, this hiatus does not stop because of various types of heart problems. As the heart grows, valves are damaged, heart failure, blood pressure increases. If you do not understand the problem from the outside, then it is possible to understand some signs.

In the case of congenital heart disease, there may be structural errors of the heart in the womb of the baby. Due to this error, the proper functioning of the heart is interrupted. Due to such error, blood flow is not normal, becomes slow, flows in the wrong direction or in the wrong place, or is completely closed. These symptoms are called congenital heart defects.

Why is birth heart disease?

In fact, it is not known in most cases why a congenital heart disease is present. Yet there are many things for which this could be. As if the mother has an infection during pregnancy, especially in the first three months there is a virus named Rubella, if it is infected, then the risk of birth defects increases.

Apart from this, if the mother has any disease, such as diabetes – if it is not controlled, then the risk of birth defective heart disease increases. There are also some congenital diseases, hereditary diseases, such as Down Syndrome, Marfan Syndrome or Turner Syndrome – are associated with these errors in cardiovascular disease.

The fact is not directly related to nutrients. However, if the mother suffers from malnutrition, she may not eat properly. But the matter is not yet confirmed. Again, if the mother is overweight then there is a risk of its problem.

If the mother consumes any medicines, especially in the first three months, that is, if there are teratogenic medicines, that is, any medicine that can damage the child – they can be born with childbirth heart disease if they play. Though smoking or drinking, habits increase their risk.

It is sometimes seen that, if a mother gives birth to a baby in the first place, she will have only four to five percent of the risk of such an error. If the child has a problem for the second time, then the fear of the third time would be 22 to 25 percent.

There are some congenital heart diseases that may occur if a mother is a child. If the mother has ‘Marfan syndrome’, 50 percent of the chance of having a child, ‘Aortic stenosis’ (10 percent of the probability of heart failure), and ‘tetralogy of Fallot’ If there are 3 percent.

Signs of birth congenital heart disease

Due to frequent coldness and respiration after birth, difficulty in eating breast milk and scurrying, hands and toes and lips and blue lightness, lack of weight and physical growth etc.
Remarkable issues for the mother to the baby:

  • Whether or not the child is breathing soon after birth.
  • Whether it is very dark or bluish on his lips or skin.
  • If the heartbeat of the child is abnormally less or more or it is abnormal, then it is unusual.
  • After the birth of the baby, if the mother is succumbing to drinking milk.
  • If you are tired of drinking a little milk and you are drinking milk after some time.
  • When drinking milk, the child is abnormally sweated or suffocated.
  • The baby is not growing like all other kids.
  • Since the birth of the baby, there is often a cold cough, and that is why it has to be repeated in a hospital or going to a doctor.
  • The baby becomes abnormally dark when crying and breathing difficulties simultaneously. Little boys play black while running while playing, breathing difficulties, and lying down on their feet or when big babies get kneeling, their relief comes. Older children may sometimes have chest pain, palpitations, and sensation.
    • If any of the above symptoms occur, the child will have to be taken to the doctor immediately.

      How can a child’s birth cardiac diagnosis be determined?

      In some cases, childbirth heart disease can be diagnosed in pregnancy or after birth. And in some cases, until the child gets older it cannot be understood. You will need to know as much as possible about this so that if your baby is born then necessary measures should be taken as soon as possible.In 80 percent of the cases, it is possible to diagnose the birth heart of the pregnant baby between 18 to 22 weeks of pregnancy. If caught, the children’s heart disease specialists will explain to you what to do after the baby is born.

      Diagnosis of Birth Disease in Pregnancy:
      Throughout the fetal echo test, the child’s heart may be tested during pregnancy. Through this test, his heart image can be made in the child’s condition. This test can be done in 18-22 weeks during pregnancy. During pregnancy checkup, the doctor advises you to do this test, such as the abnormal heartbeat, mother’s diabetes, medical conditions like lupus, or if there is a history of the problems of a family’s birth-prone heart.

      Diagnosis after birth:
      Different types of methods may be used to determine birth defective heart disease. If you see symptoms of cardiovascular disease, the doctor can check the patient’s heart and lactation through a stethoscope. The doctor can do an echocardiogram. This is the heart’s ultrasound. Through this, the doctor can check heartbeat, valve and other parts of the heart.

      An electrocardiogram can be done through which there is no abnormal heart rate or any chamber of a heart is examined. Chest X-rays, halt monitoring, Cath study, cardiac city citizens, MRI etc. can also be done.

      Echocardiography examinations are now conducted at almost all hospitals, cardiology centers, and diagnostic centers. In the absence of adequate knowledge in our country, complex congenital heart disease is not diagnosed at an early age. Gradually it becomes more complicated than complex.

      There are many congenital heart diseases, in which case the signs of the disease in the first two months of the child are not easily discernible. This type of cardiovascular disease can be identified only on Eco-Color Doppler Machine. In some cases, a cardiac cath may be needed.

      For this reason, important children are referred to at the appropriate time.

      Prevention of childhood heart disease

      Most congenital heart disease cannot be prevented. However, there are few rules to reduce its risk.

      Women should take MMR injection at the time of pregnancy planning. It can protect against rubella virus or German missiles disease. It is important to remember, children of rubella-affected mothers are often born with congenital heart disease.

      Many mothers in pregnancy were affected by high blood pressure or diabetes. It is important to get proper treatment. In the same way, mothers who are suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes will have to take the advice of both the doctor and their control on the condition of pregnancy. It is important to consult doctors who are suffering from chronic diseases.

      The first three months of pregnancy are very risky. At this time should be away from X-rays or any kind of radioactivity. Excessive X-rays can be done for urgent need, but before that, the proper operation of X-rays cannot be read in the body of an unborn child. There is a way to wear a lead apron.

      Pregnant mothers should be completely excluded from smoking and drinking. Even in the house that is smoked, he should not live in the house. Many medicines cannot be used during pregnancy.

      Many medicines make physical errors of an unknown child. Therefore, no medicines can be taken without the advice of the doctor. Also, due to poor service and lack of folic acid, the pregnancy needs to be filled.

      If a mother has a congenital heart disease, what precautions should be taken during pregnancy?

      Due to the advancement of medical science, almost 85% of congenital heart disease survives until adulthood. Because of that, the number of mothers who are presently having congenital heart disease is far more than ever.

      Many of them may not have any problem in the normal condition, but when they become pregnant then there are many problems due to increased pressure on the heart. So if you have such problems, before pregnancy, if you do not do it, then contact the heart disease specialist immediately after pregnancy. In that case, you will be sent to a hospital where there are both cardiovascular and maternity services.

      Your birth congenital heart disease can affect your baby. Due to weakness, the primary function of the heart, it can not be properly pumped by the blood supply to various parts of the body.

      As a result, the fetus does not reach the body even if it is not necessary, due to the lack of sufficient oxygen and nutrients, the child may lose weight, the child may become weak, and even before birth can be delivered. In this situation, after 26 weeks, your pregnant baby’s birth will be measured regularly, as if it is less than it is to be seen.

      According to the type of cardiovascular disease, the doctor will arrange your pre-natal care. In this case, there is no restriction on the use of certain medicines such as A, C, E. inhibitors. Follow all the doctor’s advice in letter letters. Light exercises, such as cutting a sidewalk, will keep you well. Please consult your doctor before starting any additional exercise.

      Many times the pain is started with medicine. But in your case, it can not be done. The drug that is given to give birth to prostate pain (prostaglandin) is called prostaglandin. Sometimes this medicine can make the uterus more aggravated (overstimulate), then it is necessary to give another medication. But if you have a congenital heart disease then that medicine can not be used. In those cases, those who have congenital heart disease are waiting for the natural pain in their birth.

      If there is a congenital heart disease that does not have to be done in the cesarean section. However, in this case, doctors advise for free delivery. It may be used to give epidural (nervous anesthetic injections) or facilitate delivery through the devices (forceps) so that the mother does not have to put extra pressure, excessive pressure can cause her weak heart to be in danger.

      Best wishes for all.

Childbirth heart disease is one such disease that begins in mother's womb. In our country due to untouchability, its rate is not very low. The study found that eight children of every 1,000 live children

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Down Syndrome Because, risks and actions

Down Syndrome Because, Risks and Actions

Down syndrome or downward child nature is a special kind of child. The word down syndrome is derived from the name of British physician John Langdon, who identified these children in 1866. A child between every 500 and 700 children can be born with a Down Syndrome or Down Child. According to the World Health Organization report, in our country, about 5000 births per year or 15 children per day are born.

What is Down Syndrome?

DNA inside the chromosomal inside our cell is called genealogy holder and carrier. All of our characteristics, such as conduct, behavior, intelligence, appearance, height, color are all controlled by this DNA. If there is an inconsistency in this DNA or chromosome, physical and mental defects occur. These are genetic errors. Some children have certain physical characteristics such as relaxation of the muscles, lower height, elevation of the eyes, flat nose, small ears, only one line in the palate, etc. They’re Down Syndrome.

Causes and Risks of Down Syndrome

The smallest part of the body structure is called cell or cell. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in each human cell, half of which comes from the mother and half from the father. One chromosome is made up of billions of DNA. Down syndrome, another chromosome 21 entered the place of chromosomes. Researchers believe 95 percent of the down syndrome is due to this. World number syndrome day is celebrated on 21/3 or 21st March, as there are three chromosomes 21. And due to this additional chromosomes, certain physical and mental flaws of the baby below are noticed.

It is not known exactly where the mother under the mother was born. Many people think that only elderly women give birth to a child with Down syndrome. This is a misconception. Anyone who can be affected by Down Syndrome, but with age, the risk continues to increase. The age of the mother increases the likelihood of a baby’s Downs syndrome.

For example, one in 1600 pregnant mothers up to 20 years of age, one in 1300 pregnant mothers of up to 25 years of age, and one in 1000 mothers of up to 30 years of age. But after the age of 35, the risks are increasing rapidly. One in 350 pregnant mothers up to 35 years of age and one in 100 mothers below 40 years of age.

Even if the possibility of having a baby under the age of most of the elderly increases, as the majority of women are young at the young age, the child below the mothers of young people is usually seen. That means that the mother of any age can be a baby down

On the other hand, if a mother has a downward child, then it increases the chances of having a baby below. It is believed that due to environmental pollution, pregnant mother’s adulterated food and cosmetics, radioactivity, etc., the baby may be born. Often, if parents are carriers of chromosomes with errors, their children may be down-to-earth. If the carrier is a father, then the risk is 3% and if the mother is growing then it will increase to 12%.

Identification of Down Syndrome in Pregnancy

In some cases, it is possible to identify whether there is a child’s Down syndrome before the birth of the baby through prenatal examination. The screening test cannot be sure of the fact that if a pregnant baby has Downs syndrome, it can give a sense of how much the percentage of the pregnant baby’s Down syndrome is. Examining chromosomes using baby blood samples is the only way to diagnose this disease.

Between 11 and 14 weeks, pregnancy mother’s blood is found in Pap, HCG, and 16 to 20 weeks, depending on the risk of chemicals in AFP, istriol, HCG, etc. Apart from ultrasonography, it is found in the mother’s stomach 11 or 14 weeks after the neck of the baby’s neck, the presence of nostrils, and the blood flow of the primary blood vessel called “Daktas Venosos.” According to the inspection report, the mothers identified as high risk are advised to check the baby below.

High risk / ‘screening yes’ indicates that your pregnant baby has this disease. If ‘screening is yes’, you must be tested for diagnosis. You will be asked to do any of the chorionic villus sampling (amniocentesis) or amniocentesis to make sure you have a down syndrome. Your doctor will help you to understand the results and help you decide whether to take any further tests.


According to the doctor’s suggestion, you may be offered amniocentesis for up to 15 weeks of pregnancy if your down syndrome screening results in high risk / ‘screening yes’. If there is any abnormality in the ultrasound scan, which has a genetic problem, and if you or your baby’s father’s family have a history of chronic or chromosomal problems like Down Syndrome, Cycle Cell Anemia or Thalassemia, then this test may be suggested.


A subtle index under the guidance of ultrasound will be inserted into the amniotic fluid surrounded by the baby inside your stomach. Children’s chromosomes and chromosomes of this fluid cell are the same. This is why a sample of this fluid is sent to the laboratory.

Usually, this fluid is tested for down syndrome and other serious diseases such as spina bifida and Cecil cell. It is also known through the test that the child is not a boy or a girl. So if you want to know your baby’s sex then your doctor can ask.


In the amniocentesis test, there is a risk of a miscarriage of 0.5-1%, that is, every 100 test results in a miscarriage. For this reason, before examining this, the risk of miscarriage should be considered well.

Coronic Villas Sampling (CVS)

Before amniocentesis, it is possible to make CVS at the 11th week of your pregnancy. It can tell you beforehand whether there is any risk of your child being succumbed to a disease (such as cystic fibrosis, Cecil cell, thalassemia, or muscular default).


In this test, a fine index under the guidance of ultrasound is transmitted to the uterus through the abdomen. Sometimes a fine tube passes through the vagina and passes through the uterus to the uterus. A very small part of the uterus (known as chronic tissue) is taken for testing.


CVS is at risk of 1-2% of miscarriage. It is riskier than amniocentesis.

How Down Syndrome Can Be Detected After Birth:

A physician may be suspicious of seeing any age-old child as a child. Because they have certain physical characteristics. When the parents see that their child’s appearance is a little different, they do not have less energy on the baby, they are not able to learn to stand or walk, to increase their physical growth, to have less intelligence, then they become the doctor. A doctor determines whether the baby is under child’s chromosomic number or karyotyping test.

The symptoms of babies who are born with Down syndrome are:

  • The body muscles are not strong or muscles are not as strong as children. It is called muscular relaxation or hypotonia and such children are called floppy babies.
  • Two eyes outer edge curved.
  • There may be only one line across the palms of their hands (Singal Palmer Card).
  • At birth, the weight and length of the child are less than the average weight and length.

Babies with Down Syndrome have some common physical characteristics, although they may not be the same for everyone. Seeing a child with Down syndrome is more like his mother, father, or other family members than the other syndrome-affected child.

There are differences in personality and ability among down syndrome sufferers. Everyone born with Down syndrome has different learning disabilities. The level of teaching disabilities is the same for each other. There may be problems in contacting the child infected with this disease and there is not much attention to any one subject.

Can not think and remember anything due to intellectual problems. Children are never imagined and cannot play alone. There are problems with giving or receiving a child.

Many children with Down syndrome have a health problem. The possible complications include:

  • Heart disease.
  • Intestinal abnormality.
  • Digestion Problems.
  • Hearing and sight impairment.
  • Thyroid defective action.
  • Infection.
  • Problems with Cervical Spine.
  • Blood Disease.

The intensity of these problems varies from person to person. Some children do not have any of these, and some have to enjoy some of it. Your child may be tested by the pediatrician more frequently than any other child so that the new problems can be quickly identified.

Child Care of Down Syndrome

It is difficult for almost all households to accept the diagnosis of an undernourished child. It is not unusual to have negative thoughts in these situations.

After the birth of the child, the more the children respond to the parents, the more new activities they develop, the more the parents’ love for the child develops. Children with Down syndrome have thus failed to attract the attention of their parents.

However, it is important to remember that children with Down syndrome, like other children, have similar needs. Getting support from family, relatives, and neighbors is very important in this case.

Although Down Syndrome is not a cure, there are many ways to support such children so that they can grow and become self-sufficient as a healthy and fulfilling person. These include:

  • Specialized enhanced healthcare.
  • Special services for providing necessary support to children and their parents.
  • Training to increase child-rearing skills.
  • Education and support groups to provide information and support to parents, friends, and family of affected children.

Advanced education and support bring more opportunities to people with Down syndrome. Experts say that physical care can be brought under various services. Down syndrome can be self-reliant by teaching children like other normal babies if proper care, nutritional food, speech and language therapy and physical therapy are given.

Special education programs (IEPs) are available for these children at Cardiff International School. The army-run ‘Prayas’ school also offers special education for children with autism as well as children with Down syndrome and other disabilities.

Because the child with Down syndrome has more physical problems than normal, it may be examined by the child specialist often than the other children so that the newborn problems are quickly identified. The eyes and ears should be regularly checked for children with Down syndrome.

Because in most cases, they suffer from the problems associated with these two organs. Besides, if there are other physical problems including birth defective heart disease, then he is also available in our country. Early intervention programmatic procedures include the treatment of multiple problems, such as improving eyesight or increasing motor skills.


There is no way to prevent down syndrome. As the mother increases the risk of having a baby with age, it is discouraged by the age of medical science, especially at the age of thirty-five. If the mother’s previous child is suffering from Down syndrome, then the doctor should be consulted for taking the baby later on.

Down syndrome or downward child nature is a special kind of child. The word down syndrome is derived from the name of British physician John Langdon, who identified these children in 1866. A child between

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Colic Baby Unnatural cry of the baby

Colic Baby : Unnatural cry of the baby

All the babies cry, this is the reality. This is the only way to tell them their need. But some strangers (about 15 to 20 percent) cry far more than others. When these healthy children are having unnatural tears without any reason, such as sickness, hunger, wetness, tiredness, hot or cold, the experts of such children are called calligraphic babies.

What is the colic and how to understand?

The culinary matter is very much related to your tolerance. Whether your child’s tears are normal or over-dependent depends on how long you can tolerate it. According to the child experts, if your child is usually crying more than three hours or more, three or four days more than once in the week and continuously for three to four weeks and if there is no explanation, then the child may be colicky.

Because of colic, the baby can cry anytime. But there are more tears from evening tonight. There is no reason to fear it because in 60% of the child it is better within 3 months. Over 90 percent of the children suffer from this problem for four months.

It is not known what is the cause of the colic. But it is believed that digestion may be problematic, reflux, or colic due to environmental reasons. “Colic” is not a sign of your child’s illness. It may seem that his stomach hurts, but it is not a sign of his stomach ache and not. It is believed that due to the gas in the stomach the child can be colic. But researchers now think that the stomach gas is caused by the tears of the child. Because as long as the baby is crying, he swallows the air. In one way you will realize that your child is crying because of “colic”. That is, when he cries, you try to swing him or bring him in another way. The reason for the child’s crying is to become calm after a while.

Why are some kids “colic”?

Why it is colic or why it does not happen in all children, today and unexplained. It is still a mystery to the experts. But some experts think that “colored” kids cannot tolerate any more pressure on their senses (like seeing, listening or experiencing) as the evening approaches. As a result, they get annoyed and cry.

Many people think that due to the inequalities of healthy bacteria in the baby’s gut, it can be “colic”. Studies have shown that in the gut, the other children have different microflora than other children.

In some cases, food may be colic due to allergic reactions. If the children eating formula may become lactose intolerant or breastfeeding children due to mother’s eating habits.

Many studies have shown that their mothers are usually colonized by mothers who smoke during pregnancy or later. It might be possible to smoke around the child. So no one should want to smoke around the child.

Some suggestions for colic baby:

It is most important for a child to be calm in the case of colic of a child. It is more difficult to say than to say it. The tips below may be able to calm the baby a bit or maybe but be careful that try all the ways one by one but do not do all together. In this, the child can get more tears after more disturbance.

Respond when the baby starts crying. Studies have shown that after responding to the baby’s tears, it helps to reduce the tears of the baby.

If the child is disturbed by something, keep him away from it. Especially in the afternoon and in the evening. More people are better at not coming to the child at this time. Take care of what the child is getting disturbed and keep away from it as far as possible.

Keep the environment quiet around the child. Reduce the light, talk as gentle as possible or do not talk at once. Reduce the other words as much as possible.

Many colicky babies feel relaxed when giving a little pressure in the stomach. Take the child lying down on your lap or take it straight in the lap (so that the child’s stomach is on your shoulders), or the baby may be able to rub or kneel on his back after lying downstairs. This will make him feel a bit comfortable.

Since childhood is a specific time of day, 30 minutes before that time, the treatment of anti-colic syrup on the doctor’s recommendation can reduce many tears (even if it is not proved) but it will never tell the doctor.

If your child is breastfeeding, consultation with the doctor can eliminate allergic or gas-rich foods. If the child develops a formula, then you can change formula according to the doctor’s suggestion.

You can see the baby with the pacifier. If there is a lot of lick of the face, the child’s cry is closed. Many times when nothing works, the only squash can calm the baby. Studies of American Academy of Pediatrics have found that sleeping use of Sescine reduces the risk of SIDS during sleep.

Occasionally you can come out of the house with the baby. The outside environment can calm the child’s mind.

Parents should do:

Although it can be said that the hourly tears do not cause much harm to the child at that time, but it will have a great deal of physical and emotional impact on parents. So do your child’s care by sharing your child’s care. Never be tired of the two together. At this time both of them need rest.

Parental care is the main work of the newborn. The matter becomes a little tedious for the mothers, so do not snatch anyone to help others in the family as soon as possible. During this time, the mother needs to try to stay physically and emotionally eager and healthy.

Talk to others about child problems. Get help from others if needed. Always remember that it will be cut once.

Doctor’s advice:

You can take the doctor’s advice at the time of childbirth. He will check whether there is any other problem with the child. If you see no unusual symptoms except tears, please consult the doctor without delay.

Good luck to all the children, everyone should be healthy.

All the babies cry, this is the reality. This is the only way to tell them their need. But some strangers (about 15 to 20 percent) cry far more than others. When these healthy children

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Baby Chikungunya: Signs and Remedies

Baby Chikungunya: Signs and Remedies

Many people now know about Chikungunya disease, children like adults, but this disease can be. So it is necessary to know about this disease. It can be a very young child and even children under 2 years old. On the other hand, if the mother is not infected with the disease, the pregnant baby is not likely to be infected, but if the mother is infected within a week before the baby is born, the newborn can also be suffering from chikungunya. In that case, there are many disadvantages of the brain that can appear as long-term complications.

Chikungunya is a viral disease. This disease is not a direct threat to life; But if there is a serious physical inconsistency in the attack. If the virus is attacked, headache, flux, nausea, knee joint, and knee joint pain, blisters and body can be twisted. For this reason, locally it is also called ‘Langara fever’. The name Chikungunya comes from the East African McDonald language. It means ‘which bends’. There is so much pain in the fever that the patient is curly in pain. The virus comes from mosquitoes to humans, and bites the infected people, mosquitoes are infected and spread the disease as a carrier. However, this virus does not spread from people to humans.

This disease can only be caused by the bite of a female Edis mosquito. Symptoms usually appear on the body after 5 days of biting. But one-fourth of those who do not understand this disease can understand their disease. Dengue and chikungunya outbreaks occur at the same time and symptoms are almost the same.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of this disease are fever, headache, bone pain, pain in the eyes and eyes. When it starts decreasing in 3 to 5 days, itching and red-red grains continue to appear. This RAB lasts for 2 to 3 days. But children do not have many grains. Instead, there are brownish brown or dark brown grains. There are fewer children who suffer from bone pain like adults. However, the pain of pain in those children who suffer from bone is intense. Another exception to children is the problem of the brain or nervous system, which we call neurological symptoms are more of children. Such as congestion, encephalitis Generally any virus increases the fever gradually; But many children with chikungunya may suddenly bring a severe fever.

This disease, like dengue, is spread through the mosquito of ADIS, but there is some difference with the dengue. Dengue, such as bone pain, does not cause inflammation or inflammation, but this disease is bone inflammation. In Chikungunya there is severe pain in bone and thighs. Again, there is a danger of blood transfusion, such as reducing blood molecule or platelet in the dengue; But in Chikungunya there are fewer doubts. Reduced blood pressure can reduce blood flow in the dengue, due to the internal fluid vascular fluid, even the infants may go away, But in Chikungunya there is less risk of plasma leakage and shock.

What to do?

Dengue and Chikungunya’s medical management are almost the same. Dengue NSWAN antigen or dengue IGM antibodies have to be diagnosed and diagnosed. Until then there is no recourse for treatment. If the problem is not acute, stay at home. Drink plenty of water and liquids (day two liters, with salt-water, cobbing water, saline etc.). Paracetamol can reduce fever and reduce pain. Have enough rest. A cold drink can be cooled to reduce pain, light exercise can be done. Aspirin or painkiller cannot be taken before diagnosis.

When to go to hospital?

In such cases, chikungunya is not as complex as dengue, but there is a risk to the person affected by sixty-six or small children, pregnant women and kidney, liver or heart disease. If the blood pressure decreases or the amount of urine is less than 500 milliliters of day, after three days of treatment even after the pain remains intense, then hospital needs to be admitted. In this case, the vein may be given to the saline. PCR, culture or antibody can be tested to detect chikungunya disorder. There is nothing to worry about. There is no permanent damage to this disease, it is not airborne.

Warning to live from Chikungunya

Since mosquitoes are spread due to mosquitoes, mosquito bites will be provided as the main caution. For example, the verandah, courtyard or roof should be kept clean so that the water does not accumulate for more than five days. Even if there is no water under the AC or refrigerator, you also need to make sure.

Since this mosquito bites day by day, so anyone in the daytime must use mosquito in the daytime. Spray can be used to kill mosquitoes.

Children should be taught to replace the shorts instead of shorts, and everyone should be careful not to have the opportunity to lay eggs.

Many people now know about Chikungunya disease, children like adults, but this disease can be. So it is necessary to know about this disease. It can be a very young child and even children under

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Baby Tonsil and Adenoid Disease

Baby Tonsil and Adenoid Disease

Tonsil and adenoid children have a common problem. Many children in our country suffer from this disease. During the winter, the incidence of this disease increased. Tonsil and adenoid is a type of lymph node, which is in the mouth of the breath and diarrhea inside our throat. Tonsil and adenoid work as a watchman at the entrance of the breathing and digestive system, destroying food and airborne harmful substances and pathogens and also plays an important role in the body’s immune system. Tonsil and adenoid children are very active at the age of four to 10 years and at this time children are more susceptible to tonsillitis and adenoid inflammation. Adenoid usually becomes smaller in adolescence and later disappears. Children are usually suffering from various complications due to tonsillitis and adenoid inflammation, in addition to tonsillar abnormal growth. So, do not neglect tonsil and adenoid disease, and you will have to go to the doctor quickly.

The cause of the problem or the disease

  • Baby’s poor health, malnutrition, allergic diseases.
  • Tooth, nose and sinusitis and hyperactivity towards cold play a significant role in the disease.
  • Diseases of the virus and various harmful bacteria infections contain complex forms.
  • Usually, the diseases from the school are infected in childhood. Apart from this, living in unhealthy environments and negligence in the treatment of colds, influenza, and respiratory diseases, etc. are the causes of this disease.

Symptoms and symptoms of the disease

  • Throat pain in the acute stage of the disease, difficulty swallowing, children usually do not want to eat anything.
  • Ear pain during the fall.
  • The abnormal rise in body temperature is up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Feeling of shiveriness, anxiety, headache, and pain throughout the body often happens with fever.
  • Stomachache due to inflammation of the intestinal membrane of lymph node with tonsillitis.
  • Moreover, the lymph glands swelling in the throat and swelling.

Chronic phase of the disease

  • Almost the time to relieve pain.
  • With Fever.
  • Nostrils, nose closure, nasal emissions.
  • The smell of mouth.
  • Lukas-granthi on the eateries and neck throat liver blisters all the time.

Moreover, there are many symptoms of the abnormal growth of tonsil and adenoid.

  • Breathing through the mouth, sleeping in the face.
  • The unusual build of teeth.
  • Long face and flat chest.
  • These children do not get normal sleep because of obstruction of breathing. Sleepy strolls and turns around and around.
  • There is no excitement in sports.
  • Eating, eating less, eating less and eating too much time to vomit.
  • Besides, coughing is done at night and the inflammation of the respiratory system always suffers.
  • Conduct often takes a lot of time to be overwhelmed, frustrated and bitter.
  • During the day, their laziness and headache in the morning.
  • The most serious aspect of this disease is that if the obstruction of respiratory problems of these children has been going on for a long time, their breathing and cardiovascular diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and sudden cardiovascular disease can cause sleep death.

Disease diagnosis

  • Patients’ disease is detected.
  • Check nose, ears, throat well.
  • According to the doctor’s advice, blood tests.

Disease complications

  • Permanent deposits in the peritonsillar abscess or tensile.
  • Nose and sinusitis with chronic ear inflammation.
  • There are serious complications of this disease – rabies, heart disease and chronic kidney disease.

The way to get treatment or healing

In the early stages of the disease, avoid cold eating habits, proper care of teeth and mouth, living in healthy living, light physical exercises. If you do not get relief then you will have to take medicines according to the doctor’s advice. Chronic inflammation and impaired problems – it is best to drop through tonsil and adenoid operation.

Contact for Treatment

  • Local Government Medical Center.
  • Upazila Health Complex.
  • District Sadar Hospital.
  • Medical College Hospital.

Frequently Asked

Question: 1. What is the task of tonsil and adenoid?
Answer: Tonsil and adenoid act as a watchman at the entrance of the breathing and digestive system, destroying food and airborne harmful substances and pathogens and also plays an important role in the body’s immune system.

Question: 2. When do children get infected with tonsil and adenoid?
Answer: Tonsil and adenoid children are very active at the age of four to 10 years and at this time children are more susceptible to tonsillitis and adenoid inflammation.

Question: 3. How children are infected with this disease?
Answer: Usually the diseases from the school are infected in childhood. Besides this, living in unhealthy environments and due to negligence, flux, and neglect of treatment of various diseases of the respiratory system, these problems arise.

Question: 4. What are the signs and symptoms of the chronic condition of tetanus and adenoid disease?

  • Almost the time of throat pain.
  • With Fever.
  • Nostrils, nose closure, nasal emissions.
  • The smell of mouth.
  • Lukas-granthi on the eateries and neck throat liver blisters all the time.

Question: 5. What are the complications of this disease?

  • Permanent deposits in the peritonsillar abscess or tensile.
  • Nose and sinusitis with chronic ear inflammation.
  • There are serious complications of this disease – rabies, heart disease and chronic kidney disease.

Tonsil and adenoid children have a common problem. Many children in our country suffer from this disease. During the winter, the incidence of this disease increased. Tonsil and adenoid is a type of lymph node,

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Baby Separation Engagement Insecurity

Baby Separation Engagement Insecurity, Fear of losing loved ones

I will share a very important topic with you today. The parents are excited about the insecurity among small children when they go to a work or office outside of the childcare center at BabyCenter. From here I learned what I have written so myself.

Since birth, the mental development or development of the child is at different stages. They become the step by step. At the beginning of mental development, that is, after getting help from many people, they are most dependent on the particular one. In other words, this understanding of this reliance is called ‘Attachment’ in the language of mental health. The person who depends on him is called ‘Attachment figure’. Generally, this attachment is made with the children’s mother. So the attachment figure is ‘mother’. The mother can be a dad or someone else, with whom the child has emotional or emotional relationships.

When the child goes away from the attachment figure for some reason, there is a fear in them. Even when outside of the known environment, such anxiety is seen in children. Separation Engagement, therefore, is called angina or anxiety to be separated or separated.

This issue is rarely seen in all children and it is a normal process for their mental growth. For some children, it is a little overdone. When parents are working, especially when a job mother is a mother, most children suffer from such insecurity and their behavioral problems arise. For those who are looking after the mother in the absence of the mother, the matter becomes a little difficult.

Many mothers hide their babies from house to house Seeing that the child will cry very much, most of the children in this situation suffer from much insecurity because they can not understand the matter. This insecurity increased a lot due to the sudden disappearance of most of his children. Many children start crying at their mother’s home and do not enjoy mother’s company, always hold their mother together and behave in an uncomfortable manner. This problem is intensified in a single family. Many children see new or less familiar people behaving abnormally, scared or crying, the main reason behind these behaviors is the insecurity and fear of the child towards externalism. In such a case, many parents and other people who care for the child work very much.

If a child does not want to go to the lap of a new person, it should never be stressed, but when the guest arrives at home many times this is the matter. These age-old children are very adept, there is no doubt- but if they are forced to stay or do not want to stay with the child, forced them to stay with them can have a profound effect on the child’s delicate feeling.

When the employer goes to the office, go to the child, leave the child standing on the door, explain to him and tell him that the mother/father is going to work and will come back again, even if the kids do not understand the language, ‘tone’ can understand, and sing as much sincerity as possible. Even if you crybaby, give him a laugh and greet him with a smile. Within a few days, he will realize that his mother/father has to go this time.

While expressing your displeasure while leaving, you will not feel unsafe for the rest of the day, because he will understand that you will return to the scheduled time. Keep patience in your face with a little patience and keep your trust in your vocabulary.

But what you do not do at all, is to hear the tears, come back, and tell him goodbye in the lap, in this case, the child will get distracted and think that you will be back in sorrow. Say goodbye, but do not prolong the farewell in any way. If the child cries when you return from the office, you can meet him immediately after returning to him without seeing him, you will be able to spend long with him. It is also healthy.

Whether to keep the baby near grandparents, maides, or day-care-before, leave the child with him for a few days before leaving for a long time. Children who can not easily be easy with someone else, especially in this case, protect this rule, otherwise, it may be contradictory. In any way, there should not be any practice with stress on the child. Always remember that one child is born with a different person and different mental structure and personality. Mrs. Dolly’s daughter does what Mrs. Dolly’s son does. When the son of your son gets caught in the lap, and your child gets new people crying – there is nothing to worry about – what to do – is to give that child some time/ month/year to understand that there is nothing to fear. Separation from the age of six to seven months to less than one and a half years of age is less than the degree, after which it is cut short.

I will share a very important topic with you today. The parents are excited about the insecurity among small children when they go to a work or office outside of the childcare center at BabyCenter.

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New born baby general characteristics and problems

Newborn Baby: General Characteristics and Problems

A child coming to the family flooding the happiness of the family. The first question that chases everyone from the moment of birth, is that the newborn has become healthy? It can be understood by observing something after the birth of a baby. For example,

Newborn Characteristics

Naturally, a healthy baby is born from 37 to 42 weeks of pregnancy. During his birth, his normal weight would be between two and a half to four kg.

Normally, it is about 50 centimeters long or 20 inches long during birth.

Body Ratio:
The proportion of child’s body arm and leg is different in comparison to the body’s upper body. The size of the head of the newborn is one-fourth of the size of the body. Two-and-a-half years, it takes up to one-fifth and it takes eighteen years to get the size of the head of the body as one’s stomach.

The head size of the newborn is more than the body, at the same time the size of the head is 35 centimeters. The structure of the head of the newborn can be very different. Some structures appear to be a little unusual, but they are normal within a few days. There is no reason to worry about this.

At the time of birth, the whole body of the baby is covered with a waxy body called Vernix. Do not try to take it with normal, cotton or any other thing. They will go slowly. Some days after the rise of the varnix, it is seen that the abdomen becomes loose as a toothache. There is nothing to fear. It is also very normal.

Eyes measure the size of one-third of the adults. After birth, many children take a little swelling on the eyelids. This is usually due to the stress that occurs during the period of birth. Within a few days, the swelling will look like a whole. If you see the pitch in the eye of a newborn, of course, consult a doctor. Do not give your eyes ointment or drops at any time.

There is nothing to worry about the newborn’s ear.

Many children have teeth during birth. Do not be frustrated by this. These teeth will fall within a few days. As a result of extra milk, the newborn’s lips will swell like a blister. Do not stop feeding it at all. Neonatal cheeks are quite swollen. Because they have a lot of fat or fat in their cheeks. Whom we call the Sucking Pads Because of this, because the baby sucks breast milk in large quantity, this requires a sauce pad or a powdery cottage. As soon as the age increases, the amount of fat decreases and the feeling of the cheek decreases.

It can not be said about the newborn’s throat. Their throat is so small that it seems that the head is directly attached to the neck. Afterward, the throat will gradually become longer and become normal like the adults.

There is nothing to sweat with the lungs or heart inside the chest. Leave their thoughts on doctors. The infant breathing process is spontaneous, rhythmic and 30 to 60 times in a minute-at this rate. Heart rate 100 to 160 times per minute.

Actually, food and oxygen etc from the mother’s body, take them to the body of a child with a long tail like a fist. That’s what we call the umbilical cord or the pulse in normal Bengal. The baby has no need for this pulse after birth. So, immediately after birth, doctors or nurses cut the pulse from a newborn’s navel to a few inches above it. First of all, your child’s navel tube is white, thick and jelly. It starts drying within one or two hours of birth and goes back within 7 to 10 days. The discharge part of the bowel drains a little discharge and the discharge is seen on the day it goes on or after that. You can clean this area (Navier’s beginning) with the cold cotton boiled water and dry it with another cotton bed. Talk to your midwife or doctor if bleeding continues, or if the navel is red, wet or swollen. Remember that the use of red-blue medicine in navel is more harm than good.

Newborn’s genitalia is slightly larger than the whole body. It’s normal. Sometimes, newborn baby babies develop a discharge in small amounts – a dark, white dermis with which blood is mixed. It’s a fake monthly and this happens because your baby is not getting your hormone from the cervix/placenta. This condition is perfectly okay. A white cheese-national element called the terminus, is often found below the vaginal lip. This is also a normal condition.

Some newborn problems are common

Telangiectatic Navy:
Telangiectatic Navy (like Telangiectatic nevi or bark of a straw bird) is a pale pink or red spot that is found in the eyes, nose or neck. You will see clearly when the baby tears. They do not make any problems and will fade over time.

Mongolian Stains’:
Mongolian stain ‘is the color of blue-black skin found around the buttocks. These are normal for black skin babies. They do not cause any problems and they will fade on the first or second birthday.

Revelation Flameless:
Diurnal Flamyasa is an acutely visible red to a violet area that is commonly seen on the face. These do not grow and do not fade over time.

Revelation Vascolosus:
Nerves Vascolosas (Strawberry Stain) is a clearly visible, notable, dark red area that is commonly seen on the head. These will grow larger in the beginning and will gradually shrink over time.

Milia is a notable, white spot which is found in the baby’s nose and face. These are the open obese glands and are considered normal and will fade over time.

Eritema Toxicum:
Eritema Toxicum (newborn sputum) is a small or yellow rash which is usually seen in the first week of birth in children’s chest, lower and right areas. These causes are not known and no treatment is needed. They will disappear but will take some time.

Jaundice affects many new babies. The first few days after birth, the skin of the baby is slightly yellow. This is not usually deadly. But in some cases the baby has an element called Bilirubin, then it needs to be tested to measure its size. If Bilirubin is more than normal, then the baby is encouraged to drink more milk and is kept under a special light or jaundice is kept for a whole time until it is low. If you want to know more about jaundice, talk to your midwife or doctor.

There are blue eyes in the coming days or weeks after the birth of some newborn baby. It is not deadly and it usually goes away. You can use cold boiling water to clear the eyes of the child. If this problem persists, talk to your doctor or midwife.

Best wishes for all

A child coming to the family flooding the happiness of the family. The first question that chases everyone from the moment of birth, is that the newborn has become healthy? It can be understood by

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