During the change of season, children suffer different problems. Cold-cough, bronchiolitis and even pneumonia may be cold in the winter. It is important to remember that a significant number of children die every year due to pneumonia. In Bangladesh, the main cause of infant mortality in the world is pneumonia. So be careful beforehand. If there is a doubt that the child is suffering from pneumonia, he should be taken to the doctor immediately. Some pneumonia may be mild but it can have serious effects.
What is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia of inflammatory diseases of the lungs and respiratory system. Typically pneumonia is caused by viruses, bacteria, fungal infections. Not all cough pneumonia. When there is fever and it suffers from a cough and breathing, then only respiratory symptoms are believed to be inflammation. The breathing rate of children under two months is more than 60 times in the minute, 50 times or more under one year, and one year to five years of age, 40 times in the minute it is called as an asthma breath. So, if the child with fever-cough is breathing or breathing with such a frequent breathing or breathing, then be aware that he has been infected with pneumonia.
Pneumonia can be caused by viruses or bacterial causes. But bacterial pneumonia became more lethal. It is also responsible for the Entamoeba histolytica, Actinomycosis, fungal, chronic environment, post-operative operations, chemicals, etc.
Children may suffer pneumonia via respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Pneumonia may also be caused by transmission of group B streptococcus (GBS) from the mother during delivery at the time of the newborn. Also, a little older children may be affected by pneumonia due to other bacteria and virus infections.
Doctors usually divide pneumonia into two categories – bacterial and viral.
Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia usually appear suddenly, such as many fevers, rapid breathing, and cough. They do not want to eat anything and look very sick. The child may have an asthma attack (breathing a nostril or a chest may be given during breathing), heart rate may be faster, and lips and knees may become blue. They may look weak, vomiting and diarrhea can occur. There may also be an abdominal pain and the neck can become stiff.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, bicarbonate influenza, niceria meningitis, among bacterial pneumoneaeans.
In viral pneumonia, the symptoms start slowly as normal cold but slowly it gets worse. Babies may have 101.5 degrees or more fever and may have many coughs, faster breathing. Problems of weakness, vomiting or diarrhea may also be noticed.
Viral pneumonia is generally less dangerous than bacterial pneumonia. Generally, most of the airborne pneumonia is Adenovirus, Rhinovirus, Influenza Virus, RS Virus, Para Influenza Virus.
Who is more affected in pneumonia
- Those who are under two years of age.
- Those who suffer from malnutrition.
- Those who did not breastfeed, especially Salodudha.
- People with measles, TB, diphtheria, especially pneumonia vaccines were not given.
- Children who are in closed houses and densely populated places.
- Those who are smoked in front.
- Children of the city are more affected than the children of the village, its main cause is congestion and air pollution.
What is the symptoms of pneumonia?
Although there are slight differences in viral or bacterial pneumonia, there are several common symptoms. The signs of pneumonia are very common and clear, which can also catch the common people. It is enough to keep a little attention for this. The symptoms of pneumonia are:
Fever, which is mostly high, coughs, breathing fast, breathing sound when breathing, difficulty breathing, or breathing difficulties, giving chest to the chest, chest pain, not eating or eating or eating Decrease the child’s chills or become dull, vomit.
When pneumonia is affected, the breathing of the baby is very fast. Children under 2 months have been seen to breathe 60 times or more in minutes. Babies with pneumonia from two months to 12 months breathe 50 times or more in minutes, and one year older children breathe 40 times or more. Quick breathing will give chest cranches, nasal climb up and down. If pneumonia is high, the body’s color may become bleak due to the decrease in oxygen, which is known as cyanosis.
Cough increase during respiratory failure and children with pneumonia due to excessive fever do not want to eat food.
How is Pneumonia Diagnosed?
Pneumonia is possible by examining the patient’s physical examination of the above symptoms. A special sound is heard when the child breathes through the stethoscope, in a medical language – Capitulation. The chest X-ray is used to diagnose the disease completely. It is possible to diagnose all types of pneumonia through X-rays. Many times blood tests, calf/mucus examination, CT scan and blood oxygen levels are determined.
If bacterial pneumonia, the doctor can give antibiotics. Antibiotics do not work for viral pneumonia. So its treatment usually depends on the rest and adequate fluid acceptance. In fact, due to pneumonia, accepting the most important fluids in the prevention of rapid breathing and fever caused by fever. For childhood fever or pain, it may be given acetaminophen or ibuprofen if it is more than six months old.
If the child is admitted to hospital due to bacterial pneumonia, he may be given fluid and antibiotics through IV. His nose can be cleaned regularly by suction and the oximeter may be used to test its oxygen level. Oxygen mask may be given to keep its breathing normal. In addition to paracetamol for fever, Salbutamol is given for breathing, but the exact antibiotic is appropriate. Even after the recovery, the whole course of antibiotics will be completed.
The type of ‘antibiotic’ depends on the type of pneumonia. In the case of general pneumonia, the food is treated with ‘antibiotic’ on the face. In case of severe pneumonia, injectable antibiotics are to be given. Hospital admission will be required. After the admission, the child will need some blood tests. Because many times the symptoms of severe pneumonia spread through ‘septicemia’. In that case, many strong (3rd and 4th generation) antibiotics are needed. In many cases, nebulization and oxygen need to be given. Fluid (saline) is given a lot of time if you do not eat the baby.
First of all, the child with pneumonia has to be taken to the doctor as soon as possible. Even if there is a delay to go to a doctor for any reason, what to do at home is that if the child has a high fever, then he should give paracetamol syrup, or if he can not eat, then reduce the level of fever by suppository with the rectum. The method of removing the body with warm-hot water is very beneficial and if the child is very cough and its age is more than six months, then he may be relieved of ginger tea, lemon tea, honey with hot water, tulsi juice etc. Children with pneumonia get full feeding and water, so be careful. Those who breastfeed, their breast milk cannot be stopped.
How to feed a child with pneumonia?
Children with pneumonia do not want to eat; Because at that time there is a lot of fever and cannot eat because of breathing. It cannot eat at a time, which ate at normal times. So before that, it was fed five times, if pneumonia, feed it a little over and over again. But in some cases, pneumonia increases so fast that normally it can no longer eat. She was admitted to the hospital and had to give glucose meal through saline.
If there is a newborn baby’s cough, many mothers who are breastfed are prohibited from eating foods. For example banana, talk etc. are forbidden to eat. The condition is that due to restrictions the mother does not have enough food. This reduces the risk of breast milk emulsion. Ultimately, the child is harmed. So the mothers should be kept in the habit, they eat the usual foods that they eat, it will not have a cough or other diseases.
Some pneumonia vaccines have been released. If these vaccines are taken over time, then bacterial or viral pneumonia can be prevented. In addition to not allowing a healthy child to go to the pneumonia affected child, let the children go in front of the sneezed cows, to maintain cleanliness – that is to wash away hands and face with soap, when pneumonia is more prevalent, as in winter Not letting the child go in the crowd – in the crowd – such as shopping malls, cinema halls, buses, and proper nutrition Pneumonia can be prevented through.
If children who are under six months of age are breastfed, they can resist pneumonia germs very much. If the child is more than six months old, they may be able to preserve the nutrition of the child through breast milk as well as domestic food, such as poultry, domestic fruits, and vegetables, but the ability to resist pneumonia is also going to increase. It is important to remember, children are often pneumonia when infected with malnutrition. Therefore, attention should be given to proper nutrition of the child.
There are pneumonia vaccines. Hib vaccine and pneumococcal vaccine The hobby vaccine is to be taken at one and a half months of age. The government vaccine is known as Penta Valent Vaccine for one and a half months. There are five vaccines available in this vaccine simultaneously. If it is taken, then it will be possible to protect the child from pneumonia after Hibajian pneumonia.
Pneumococcal pneumonia is a serious disease. So it is better to prevent it with a pneumococcal vaccine. If you take it before six months of age you will need three doses. If taken between six months and a year, it will take two doses. After one year, take a dose. And if anyone has a Zizels or rubella vaccine, it also protects the child from indirect pneumonia.